btsarnia

A tribute to the life and work of Brian Torode

Eley Family (Part I) Thornbury (-1760)

ELEY FAMILY OF THORNBURY

 

I am indebted to Chris Doig and those who are involved with the ‘Thornbury Roots’ website

 


(?) James Eley (-1688) and Mary (-1686)

of Thornbury

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(?) James Eley (1644-1719) and Elizabeth (1650-1723)

of Thornbury

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James Eley I (1688–1754) and Elizabeth Morgan (–1747)

of Thornbury

 

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James Eley II (1736-1803) and Ann Taylor (-1799)

Exciseman of Ledbury, Leominster, Birmingham, Banbury etc

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James Eley III (1762-1831) and Elizabeth Greenwood (1763-1814)

Linendraper of Thornbury |

 

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Thomas Eley (1794-1864) and Sarah Park (1806-1859)

Farmer of Lower Morton

 

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James Eley IV (1836-1874) and Ann Shield (1837-1934)

Farmers of Lower Morton, Kingswood and Tortworth

 

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Ernest Edward Eley (1869-1950) and Emily Yarnold (1866-1951)

Farmer of Berkeley, Kingswood and Cranham

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Grace Margaret Eley (1897-1940) and William Edward Terrett


INTRODUCTION

Before the birth of James Eley (1736-1803) it is difficult to build up an Eley Family Tree. Certainly Hannah Scarlett was his sister and we can be fairly sure that James and Elizabeth (nee Morgan) are their parents. However, the details given below concerning earlier generations of Eley is still very speculative. The enfeoffment below may be of significance too.

 

Enfeoffment dated 23rd December 1629 (Passages of interest – transcribed by Mervyn Harding):

 

‘James Eddys of Thornbury in the County of Glouc Tanner, Thomas Jones of Rangeworthy in the pish of Thornbury aforesaid yoman and John Jones of Thornbury aforesaid mercer send greeting’

‘Whereas Thomas Slimbridge late of Thornbury aforesaid Blacksmith by his Deed poll beareing date the xxviiith Daie of july in ye Six & twentieth yeare of the raigne of or late sov/aigne Lady Queene Elizabeth did give and enfeoff unto john Jones of the parsonage then maior of the Burrough of Thornbury John Whyte John Hilpe John Jones the elder John Barton Thomas Jones and John Jones m/cer’

‘And whereas the said Thomas Jones & John Jones m/cer being among ye feoffees aforenamed onely surviveing by their Deed poll under their hands and seales beareing date the Fyve & twentith daie of September in the fourth yeare of the raigne of or late sov/aigne Lord King James did give graunt enfeoff and confirme unto john Barton then maior of the said Burrough Willm Barton James Eddys Nicholas Baker Edward Smyth John Awpas Willm Willms Thomas Jones the yonger John Jones m/cer the yonger and John Jones son of Phillipp Jones’

‘Now know yee that the said James Eddys & Thomas Jones & John Jones m/cer pties to these prnts being the onely surviveing feoffeess of the feoffees last abovemencond’

(The above three) ‘do graunt enfeoff & confirme unto Edward Thurston now maior of the said Burrough Willm Ryder & Richard Atwells of the same Thornbury gent Willm Jones of the same Thornbury shoomaker John Baker sonne of Nicholas Baker aforesaid deceased Peter Hawksworth of Thornbury aforesaid gent Phillipp Harrys of the same Thornbury vintner Henry Marsh of Thornbury aforesaid Tanner John Byrd of the same Thornbury m/cer James Eddys the yonger son of the aforesaid James Eddys William Barton son of ye aforesaid Willm Barton Thomas Ryder son of ye said Willm Ryder Willm Jones son of the said John Jones m/cer John Alpas son of John Alpas Baker deceased & John Tayer son of Edward Tayer & John Jones th’elder shoomaker’

‘The hands and seals of James Eddys the father, Thomas Jones the younger & John Jones, mercer’


(?) JAMES ELY, Great VIII Grandfather of Richard Barton

Husband of Mary

(?) Father of James Ely the Younger

James Ely (Senior) was buried at Thornbury on 6th May 1688.and Mary Ely was buried on 19th January 1686 at Thornbury. It is possible that the following marriage at Horton refers to them –

James Ely a widower aged 30 years and Mary Higgs aged 30 years, who were both of Horton and married there on 27th November 1637 (Marriage Bonds).

A Thornbury Rental for 1670 connects a James Ely with ‘late Wither’s Land half Burr.’

In 1607 a James Eddys the Elder was a Tanner of Thornbury. In Men at Arms of 1608 James Eddy was a tanner with servants and aged about forty years. He was enfeoffed. In 1629 James Eddys the Younger was still alive in that year.


(?) MARY ELY, Great VIII Grandmother of Richard Barton

 

Wife of James Ely, Senior

Mother of James Ely, Junior

 

James Ely (Senior) was buried at Thornbury on 6th May 1688.and Mary Ely was buried on 19th January 1686 at Thornbury. It is possible that James Ely a widower aged 30 years and Mary Higgs aged 30 years, who were both of Horton and married there on 27th November 1637 (Marriage Bonds) are this couple.’


(?) JAMES ELY, Great VII Grandfather of Richard Barton

(?) Son of James Ely and Mary

Husband of Elizabeth

(?) Father of James Eley I

 

James Ely was born in about 1644. He died on 14th November 1719 aged 75 years (Bigland Monuments) and was buried at Thornbury on 15th November 1719 (Registers). His wife, Elizabeth died on 27th December 1723 aged 73 years (Bigland) and was buried on 29th December 1723 at Thornbury (Registers).

‘On a stone in the church, but removed from the Church Yard. Here lyeth the Body of James Eley 14 day of Nov 1719 Aged 75. Also here lyeth the Body of Elizabeth his wife who departed this life ye 27 December 1723. Aged 73 years’ (Bigland 1838)


(?) ELIZABETH ELY, Great VII Grandmother of Richard Barton

 

Wife of James Ely

(?) Mother of James Eley I

 

James Ely was buried at Thornbury on 15th November 1719 (Registers). His wife, Elizabeth died on 27th December 1723 aged 73 years (Bigland) and was buried on 29th December 1723 at Thornbury (Registers).

‘On a stone in the church, but removed from the Church Yard. Here lyeth the Body of James Eley 14 day of Nov 1719 Aged 75. Also here lyeth the Body of Elizabeth his wife who departed this life ye 27 December 1723. Aged 73 years’ (Bigland 1838)


James and Elizabeth Ely may well be the parents of James Eley I:

 

JAMES ELEY I, Great VI Grandfather of Richard Barton

 

(?) Son of James Eley and Elizabeth

Husband of Elizabeth Morgan

Father of James Eley II

 

Also Father of Hannah Scarlett and James

 

 James Eley I was probably baptised on 18th January 1688 at Thornbury. His parents may be the James and Elizabeth Ely who were buried at Thornbury in 1719 and 1723 respectively. If so James Ely Senior would have been forty –three-years-old when his son was born and his mother would have been thirty-eight.

On 21st April 1720 the Bishop’s Transcripts record the marriage of James Eley I with Elizabeth Morgan at Thornbury. At the same time the Thornbury Manorial Records reveal that James Eley, a Sartor or Taylor, was to take over a tenement, garden and orchard which had been held by the Cannings Family and had a connection with John and Judith Bradley

(D108/M50 P.271-2). This was probably the property in Kington, which passed to his daughter after his death.

James and Elizabeth Eley would seem to have had three children – Hannah who was baptised on 30th March 1724 at Thornbury and later married Richard Scarlett; the elder James, who was baptised in 1727 and buried in 1730 and James who was born in about 1736.

James Eley I was a tailor by occupation but he held various lands in Thornbury. On 20th June 1754 his death was proclaimed in the Thornbury Manorial Court and his only son and heir, James, claimed his father’s property and became tenant of a customary messuage and half a yard of customary land in Oldbury-on-Severn Tything. Also James Eley I left property to his only daughter Hannah, the wife of Richard Scarlett. The first parcel was ‘that messuage or tenement where the said James Eley, lately inhabited and one stable, one garden and one orchard in the tything of Kington’. Apparently James had made this bequest in writing in his last will and testament which was dated about 17th April last. This property was to pass to his daughter Hannah for her natural life and then, after her decease, to her husband Richard Scarlett. Also the manorial records reveal that Richard and Hannah Scarlett were to receive a water grist mill and appurtenances in the tything of Morton which had been held by their late father. (D.108/M55)

A James Elly was listed in the Manor Records for 1730 and a James Eley was Overseer of the Kington Tything in the year 1736/7 and a James Eley paid a sum of money in 1740 and signed a list in 1743. In 1744 James Eley was a witness when the Reverend Richard Jones was appointed as Master of the Thornbury Grammar School (Glos. Diocesan Archives (GDR S1/15)).

Elizabeth Eley was buried at Thornbury on 16th December 1747 and James Eley I was buried on 26th April 1754 aged 66 years of Thornbury town. James’s son, James Eley II was about eighteen when his father died.

See Thornbury Roots: 30 Castle Street

We know that what is now 30 Castle Street in Thornbury is a particularly old house and that it is certainly older than at least one of its neighbours (number 32).

At the moment all we know of its early history is that the land on which six houses which are now 32 to 42 Castle street was described in 1752 as on the north side of “the house wherein James Eley formerly inhabited and now in possession of Elizabeth James widow.”  At this time we know very little of  James Eley.  However the family tree of the Eleys compiled by Richard Barton shows that this James Eley would have been born in Thornbury in 1688 the son of James Eley and his wife Elizabeth.  James was baptised in Thornbury on 18th January 1688.  Rather confusingly this James Eley also seems to have married an Elizabeth, Elizabeth Morgan.  James Eley the younger died in 1754.  His wife had died earlier in 1747.

In 1766 the same property was said to be north of “the house wherein James Eley formerly inhabited and now in the possession of John Longden junior.”

By 1720 the Overseers’ Accounts were showing a joint liability of Anna Cannings and James Eley of five and a half pence.  Possibly James Eley was a tenant of Anna Cannings at this time.   After Anna Cannings’ death in 1724 the Overseers’ Accounts suggest some division of the Canning property.  Joseph Cannings (presumably the son) was now liable for two pence, James Eley for one and half pence and John Cox two pence.  James Eley seems to have been occupying a property in Castle Street that later became number 30.  This appears to be confirmed by documents relating to the Malt House that we believe occupied the neighbouring property because these documents refer to James Eley being in the property on the south side.


ELIZABETH ELEY I, Great VI Grandmother of Richard Barton

Wife of James Eley I

Mother of James Eley II

 

Also Mother of Hannah and James

Elizabeth Morgan may be the daughter of George and Mary Morgan who was baptised at Wotton-under-Edge on 15th February 1689. If she is her parents were married on 20th January 1678 at Wotton-under-Edge and her mother’s surname was Dangerfield.

On 21st April 1720 the Bishop’s Transcripts record the marriage of Elizabeth Morgan with James Eley at Thornbury. They would seem to have had three children – Hannah who married Richard Scarlett, the elder James who was baptised in 1727 and buried in 1730 and the younger James who was born in about 1736.

A James Eley was Overseer of the Kington Tything in the year 1736/7 and a James Eley paid a sum of money in 1740 and signed a list in 1743. In 1744 James Eley was a witness when the Reverend Richard Jones was appointed as Master of the Thornbury Grammar School (Glos. Diocesan Archives (GDR S1/15)). Elizabeth Eley was buried at Thornbury on 16th December 1747 when her son, the younger James Eley II, was only eleven years old. Her husband James Eley I was buried on 26th April 1754 when their son, James Eley II, was only about eighteen.

 


HANNAH SCARLETT, Great VI Aunt of Richard Barton

Hannah was baptised on 30th March 1724 at Thornbury, the daughter of James Eley. On 17th September 1747 a marriage took place at Wotton-under-Edge between Richard Scarlett and Hannah Allway. Is this possibly their marriage was recorded inaccurately?

When Hannah’s father died in April 1754 he left property to his daughter Hannah and her husband, Richard Scarlett. This included ‘that messuage or tenement where the said James Eley, lately inhabited and one stable, one garden and one orchard in the tything of Kington’. Apparently James had made this bequest in writing in his last will and testament which was dated about 17th April last. This property was to pass to his daughter Hannah for her natural life and then, after her decease, to her husband Richard Scarlett. Also the manorial records reveal that Richard and Hannah Scarlett were to receive a water grist mill and appurtenances in the tything of Morton which had been held by their late father. (D.108/M55)

On 22nd April 1756 Richard Scarlett of Thornbury, shopkeeper, and his wife, Hannah, appeared before Thornbury Manorial Court. £43 was paid by John Rudge, of Thornbury, gentleman, for ‘all that messuage or tenement and water grist mill with appurtenances lying and being in the tything of Morton and late in tenure or occupation of James Eley deceased, late father of the said Hannah, and now of the said Richard Scarlett, his tenants and assigns. All outhouses, buildings, barns, stables, gardens, orchards, ways, waters, watercourses, commons, profits and appurtenances …’

Hannah Scarlett died on 13th October 1765 aged 42 years and was buried on 16th October 1765 at Thornbury.

Richard Scarlett was living in Thornbury Town in 1750 and died on 25th March 1766 of Smallpox, aged forty-five-years. He was buried on 27th March 1766 at Thornbury. It is possible that he was descended from James Scarlett of Walton, Somerset, who married Mrs Sarah Hall of Berkeley on 20th January 1708/9 at Iron Acton. (A James Scarlett was buried at Stone on 12th September 1756)

Scarlett Family History: “The Scarlett family, or Clan, lived in the North of Ireland but after the Battle of the Boyne 1690, when the English beat the Irish, they came over to England and most of them settled in Gloucestershire, but one, Robert Scarlett, went to Jamaica. We are descended from the Gloucestershire ones. Our great great Grandfather married a Miss Eley (that’s how the name Eley came into the family); he had 3 sons and 2 daughters. Elizabeth was always an invalid and Mrs Glynde died young. The three brothers were James who was Secretary to the East India Co. and lived in London until he retired when he lived at Wotton-under-Edge in Gloucestershire, a bachelor, and his cousin Mary Eley kept house for him. George…”


JAMES ELEY, Infant Great VI Uncle of Richard Barton

James was baptised at Thornbury on 21st August 1727 and was buried on 15th December 1730 at Thornbury


JAMES ELEY II, Great V Grandfather of Richard Barton

Son of James Eley I and Elizabeth (nee Morgan)

Husband of Ann Taylor

Father of James Eley III

 

Also Father of Ann, Elizabeth, Thomas, Mary, Thomas, Elizabeth Bruton, Mary, Hannah Foxwell, Sarah and Isaac

 

James Eley was born in about 1736 at Thornbury, the son of James and Elizabeth Eley. The father, James Eley I, was a tailor and he married his bride, Elizabeth Morgan, at Thornbury Parish Church on 21st April 1720. The Eleys were an established Thornbury family and there seems to be a line of James Eleys stretching back to the early sixteen hundreds although the surname is sometimes spelt Ely and even Eddys.

James Eley II was to be the only surviving son but an earlier James had been baptised at Thornbury Parish Church in 1727 and buried three years later. Their sister, Hannah, was baptised in 1724 making her twelve years older than her new baby brother. I have not found a baptism for baby James and I am beginning to wonder whether this may indicate that his parents had become Baptists.

His mother, Elizabeth, died when he was only eleven years old and his father died in 1754 when James was only eighteen. Hannah, the elder sister had meanwhile married Richard Scarlett of Thornbury in September 1747 at Wotton-under-Edge and it is likely that they would have taken an interest in the young James. The Scarletts settled in Thornbury where their seven children were born including their son James who was born in 1750 and was later to play an important part in the lives of the Eley family.

On 20th June 1754, the death of James Eley I was formally proclaimed in the Thornbury Manorial Court and ‘his only son and heir’, James Eley II, claimed rights to his father’s property and became tenant of a customary messuage and half a yard of customary land in Oldbury-on-Severn Tything.

On 22nd April 1756 Richard Scarlett of Thornbury, shopkeeper, and his wife, Hannah, appeared before Thornbury Manorial Court. £43 was paid by John Rudge, of Thornbury, gentleman, for ‘all that messuage or tenement and water grist mill with appurtenances lying and being in the tything of Morton and late in tenure or occupation of James Eley deceased, late father of the said Hannah, and now of the said Richard Scarlett, his tenants and assigns. All outhouses, buildings, barns, stables, gardens, orchards, ways, waters, watercourses, commons, profits and appurtenances …’

On 18th November 1756 James Eley, the younger, who was described, like his father, as a taylor of Thornbury came to the Manorial Court and was licensed to the demise at Oldbury –

‘one close of meadow or pasture land called Shadows, by estimation 3 acres; one other close of meadow or pasture land called Shadows by estimation 2 acres; one close or meadow or pasture land called the Pools estimated at 2 acres; one close of meadow or pasture land called Stotts Close estimated at 8 acres; one acre of ground lying in common meadow called Stone Yard – all in Oldbury. The two closes called Pools and Stone Yard were from 13th February next; the three acres called Shadows and Stotts Close from 15th April next; the messuage or tenement with Barkside (sic), garden and orchard and the other part of Shadows from 14th May for seven years.’

 James Eley was again confirmed as tenant of the property in Oldbury at the Thornbury Manorial Court on 16th March 1758. Nine months later on 19th October he surrendered this to Daniel Bennett for £105. (D108/M55).

In January 1760, at the age of twenty-four-years, James Eley was working as an Exciseman and we find him mentioned in the Excise records as posted as a Supernumerary at Ledbury. This was probably only a temporary position because, by 1762, James was married and living at Pembridge.

Meanwhile we discover that he had returned to Thornbury for his wedding for on 10th February 1760 James Eley was married to Ann Taylor. It is interesting to note that he is still considered as a bachelor of that parish.

Thornbury Parish Church Registers:

‘Marriage between James Eley & Ann Taylor on the 10th day of February 1760 by me William Forbes Vicar. The said James Eley of this Parish batchelor (sic) and Ann Taylor of this Parish spinster were married in this Church by Licence this tenth day of February in the Year One Thousand Seven Hundred and Sixty by me William Forbes Vicar. signed by both in the presence of James Taylor and Andrew Whitefield’

The young couple took up residence at “The Broad Stone”, Pembridge, near to The New Inn, and it was here, in this house, that their eldest son, James Eley III, was born on 17th April 1762. Pembridge is a delightful village some eight miles west of Leominster, with many “black and white” houses, with overhanging storeys and striking timbering. The 13th century “New Inn” overlooks an old open Market Hall, said to have been the earliest centre for the sale of Hereford Cattle. The church just across the road has a detached stone campanile, with diminishing wooden upper storeys giving it something of the appearance of an eastern pagoda. This sturdy structure no doubt afforded a refuge in the days of border raids…..

 

See ‘Eley Family of Thornbury, Baptists’ 


FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THIS FAMILY CONTACT: btsarnia@gmail.com 

 

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This entry was posted on December 22, 2016 by in Eley Family and tagged , , , , , , .
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