btsarnia

A tribute to the life and work of Brian Torode

Brown Family of Wotton-under-Edge and Gearing Frith

THE BROWN FAMILY OF WOTTON-UNDER-EDGE AND GEARING FRITH

 With thanks to Susan Stead, Robert Haines and Mary Isaac


 

Charles Brown I (1712-1790) and Elizabeth Pearce (1708-1778)

of Wotton-under-Edge

 

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Charles Brown II (1746-1799) and Margaret Minett (1740-1816)

Farmer of Gearing Frith, Yate

 

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Catherine Brown (1774-1841) and John Isaac

Farmer of Hall End Farm, Yate

 

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Mary Isaac and James Shield

Farmer of Barber’s Land, Tytherington

 

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Ann Shield and James Eley IV

Farmer of Lower Morton, Kingswood and Tortworth

 

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Ernest Edward Eley and Emily Yarnold

Farmer of Kingswood, Berkeley, North Nibley etc

 

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Grace Margaret Eley and William Edward Terrett

 

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CHARLES BROWN I, Great VI Grandfather of Richard Barton

 

Husband of Elizabeth Pearce

Father of Charles Brown II

 

Also Father of Robert, Mary, John and Thomas

 

Charles Brown was born circa 1712.

 

Charles Brown married Elizabeth Pearce at Dursley Parish Church on 9th March 1738/9. The marriage register reads:

1738/9: March 9: Charles Brown & Elzh. Pearce, foreiners, nupt.

They were described as ‘foreigners’ i.e. not of Dursley. Elizabeth Pearce was the daughter of Robert and Hannah Pearce of Wotton-under-Edge and she was baptised at the Parish Church there on 4th April 1708.

By 17th February 1739/40 Charles and Elizabeth were living in Wotton-under-Edge where they had five children between the years 1739 and 1744. These included Mary who died aged seven years in 1748.

The Churchwardens’ Account Book for Wotton-under-Edge, 1756-1792 (Glos Archives P379 CW2/1), contains the following entries relating to Charles Brown:

1765: Charles Brown, Sinwell, rated at 9d.

1767: Charles Brown, Sinwell, rated at 6d.

1769: Charles Brown, Sinwell tithing, rated at 6d.

1771: Uncollected, Charles Brown, 6 3/4d

The money raised by this rate was used for the maintenance of the parish church.

A terrier of Wotton-under-Edge, dated 1763 (Glos Archives ref. PC 366) shows a property in Old Town, Wotton, which was in the proprietorship of Elizabeth Brown, Mary Wood and Robert Pierce (Pearce). The property, known as ‘The Brands’, was situated at the top of the Old Town, being the first property after Bear Lane Corner. Robert Pearce was Elizabeth’s brother.

Elizabeth died before her husband and there is a burial for her on 7th April 1778 in Wotton churchyard aged seventy. Her husband, Charles Brown I, was buried at Wotton on 18th December 1790, aged seventy-eight years.

Charles may have had a brother, Thomas Brown (-1774) of Wotton-under-Edge who married Ann Cook (1718-1789) at Wotton on 14th May 1744. They had children

Robert J. Haines wrote this extract in his article ‘And now for the Browns… Has anyone seen Charlie Brown?’

 

‘Charles senior had married Elizabeth the daughter of Robert Pearce of Wotton, at Dursley parish church on the 9th March, 1738/9. Unfortunately I do not possess any reference to his trade or calling. The Wotton churchwarden book refers to Charles Brown who was rated for a house in Sinwell, Wotton, in the 1760s. Presumably this refers to Charles Brown snr.

I am now attempting to trace the birth of this Charles Brown. He was buried at Wotton on the 18th December 1790, ‘aged 78’, which suggests he was born circa 1712. However, he does not seem to originate from the Wotton area…’


ELIZABETH BROWN, Great VI Grandmother of Richard Barton

 

Daughter of Robert Pearce and Hannah (nee Benell)

Wife of Charles Brown I

Mother of Charles Brown II

 

Also Mother of Robert, Mary, Thomas and John

 

Elizabeth Pearce was the daughter of Robert and Hannah Pearce of Wotton-under-Edge and she was baptised at the Parish Church there on 4th April 1708.

Charles Brown married Elizabeth Pearce at Dursley Parish Church on 9th March 1738/9. The marriage register reads:

1738/9: March 9: Charles Brown & Elzh. Pearce, foreiners, nupt.

They were described as ‘foreigners’ i.e. not of Dursley.

By 17th February 1739/40 Charles and Elizabeth were living in Wotton-under-Edge where they had five children between the years 1739 and 1744. These included Mary who died aged seven years in 1748.

The Churchwardens’ Account Book for Wotton-under-Edge, 1756-1792 (Glos Archives P379 CW2/1), contains the following entries relating to Charles Brown:

1765: Charles Brown, Sinwell, rated at 9d.

1767: Charles Brown, Sinwell, rated at 6d.

1769: Charles Brown, Sinwell tithing, rated at 6d.

1771: Uncollected, Charles Brown, 6 3/4d

The money raised by this rate was used for the maintenance of the parish church.

A terrier of Wotton-under-Edge, dated 1763 (Glos Archives ref. PC 366) shows a property in Old Town, Wotton, which was in the proprietorship of Elizabeth Brown, Mary Wood and Robert Pierce (Pearce). The property, known as ‘The Brands’, was situated at the top of the Old Town, being the first property after Bear Lane Corner. Robert Pearce was Elizabeth’s brother.

Elizabeth died before her husband and there is a burial for her on 7th April 1778 in Wotton churchyard aged seventy. Her husband, Charles Brown I, was buried at Wotton on 18th December 1790, aged seventy-eight years.


Their children were Great VI Aunts and Uncles:

ROBERT BROWN, Great VI Uncle

Robert Brown was baptised at Wotton-under-Edge Parish Church on 17th February 1739/40. He married Hannah Tognell (1739-) and they had seven children.

Robert made a will on 31st March 1806. The will was witnessed by William Wilson, Thomas Derrett and John Witchell. The will is held at Glos Archives (ref. GDR Add. Wills, 1806/123). There is no date of probate on the will. Robert died in January 1809.

Their children were cousins of Catherine Isaac, Great IV Grandmother:

JOHN BROWN, cousin of Catherine Isaac

John Brown was baptised on 12th July 1761 at Wotton-under-Edge. He married Eliz’th Hicks at Wotton on 19th November 1780 and they had three children.

Their children were second cousins of Mary Shield, Great III Grandmother:

John Brown was born on 15th August 1781 and baptised on 19th September 1781 at Wotton-under-Edge.

Hannah Brown was born on 26th August 1784 and baptised on 20th March 1785 at Wotton.

Edward Brown was born on 16th May 1786 and baptised on 1st November 1786 at Wotton.

ROBERT BROWN, cousin of Catherine Isaac

Robert Brown was baptised on 31st October 1762 at Wotton-under-Edge. He was married at Wotton Parish Church on 30th October 1791, the same day as Joseph Brown (below)

JOSEPH BROWN, cousin of Catherine Isaac

We have no baptism for Joseph, however, he was married at Wotton Parish Church on the very same day as Robert Brown and shared the same witnesses. Joseph married Betty Long (1770-) on 30th October 1791.

Their children were probably second cousins of Mary Shield, Great III Grandmother:

Lucian Brown (1792-1814)

William Brown (1795-)

Jacob Brown (1797-1857)

Anne Brown (1800-)

Charles Brown (1806-)

Joseph Brown (1810-)

BETTY JOTCHAM, cousin of Catherine Isaac

Betty Brown was baptised on 17th December 1764 at Wotton-under-Edge. She married Jno Jotcham at Wotton on 23rd September 1791. John Jotcham died on 13th January 1849 at Wotton, aged eighty-five years. He was suffering from a retention of urine and his son, Charles Jotcham, was present at the death. John’s widow, Betty Jotcham, died on 12th January 1850.

Their children were second cousins of Mary Shield, Great III Grandmother:

William Jotcham was born in Wotton in 1791 and died there on 17th January 1857. He married Louisa Moody on 14th December 1817 and they had at least four children. She died in 1855.

John Jotcham was born in 1793 at Wotton and died there on 3rd January 1867. He married Dinah Purnell at North Nibley on 7th January 1817. Dinah was born in Wickwar in 1796 and died in 1877 at Wotton. They had fourteen children

Hannah Jotcham was born in Wotton in 1795 and died there on 17th January 1865.

Charles Jotcham was born in 1799 at Wotton and died there on 5th January 1877. He married Hannah Seabourne (1798-1873)

Emma Jotcham was born on 10th August 1800 at Wotton and died there on 27th January 1816.

Louisa Jotcham was born on 17th January 1804 at Wotton and buried there on 28th January 1875.

Llewellyn Jotcham was born on 3rd December 1805 at Wotton and died there on 7th January 1888. He married Sarah WHite on 27th October 1833 and they had at least four children.

RICHARD BROWN, cousin of Catherine Isaac

Richard Brown was baptised on 28th September 1768 at Wotton-under-Edge.

HANNAH BROWN, cousin of Catherine Isaac

Hannah Brown was baptised on 10th October 1775 at Wotton-under-Edge.

THOMAS BROWN, cousin of Catherine Isaac

Thomas Brown was baptised on 12th April 1775 at Wotton-under-Edge.

CHARLES BROWN, cousin of Catherine Isaac

Charles Brown was baptised on 19th October 1777 at Wotton-under-Edge.


MARY BROWN, Great VI Aunt

Mary Brown was baptised on 9th February 1741/2 at Wotton-under-Edge Parish Church and buried in the churchyard there on 27th August 1748.


JOHN BROWN, Great VI Uncle

 John Brown was baptised on 13th April 1744 at Wotton-under-Edge. He married Elizabeth Bury on 30th April 1767 at Wotton and they had children. John Brown was buried on 19th July 1787 at Wotton

Their children were cousins of Catherine Isaac, Great IV Grandmother:

ANN BROWN, cousin of Catherine Isaac

Ann Brown was baptised on 29th June 1767 at Wotton-under-Edge

WILLIAM BROWN, cousin of Catherine Isaac

William Brown was baptised on 28th November 1768 at Wotton and buried there on 27th May 1769.

JOHN BROWN, cousin of Catherine Isaac

John Brown was baptised on 17th July 1770 at Wotton.

MARY BROWN, cousin of Catherine Isaac

Mary Brown was baptised on 27th February 1772 at Wotton and buried there on 8th April 1773.

WILLIAM BROWN, cousin of Catherine Isaac

William Brown was baptised on 17th September 1773 at Wotton.

JAMES BROWN, cousin of Catherine Isaac

James Brown was baptised on 3rd April 1776 at Wotton.

MARY BROWN, cousin of Catherine Isaac

Mary Brown was baptised on 2nd August 1778 at Wotton and she may have been buried there on 30th July 1781.


CHARLES BROWN II, Great V Grandfather (See further on)

Charles Brown II was baptised on 27th June 1746 at Wotton-under-Edge Parish Church.


THOMAS BROWN, Great VI Uncle

Thomas Brown was baptised on 12th November 1749 at Wotton-under-Edge Parish Church. Thomas was buried in the churchyard there on 10th May 1774, aged twenty-five-years. The account book of the churchwardens of the parish church of Wotton show that, in 1771, Thomas Brown paid a rate of 2s 3d for his property in the parish (Glos Archives ref. P379 CW2/1)

 


CHARLES BROWN II, Great V Grandfather of Richard Barton

 

Son of Charles Brown I and Elizabeth (nee Pearce)

Husband of Margaret Minett

Father of Catherine Brown

Also Father of William, Charles, Joseph, Margaret Daniell and Betty

 

Charles Brown II was baptised on 27th June 1746 at Wotton-under-Edge. He was the fourth child of Charles Brown I, and his wife, Elizabeth (Pearce).

Charles Brown II married Margaret Minett at Wickwar on 4th August 1772 and at the time he was described as a butcher of Wotton-under-Edge. They settled at Gearing Frith, Yate, where Charles was a tenant farmer.

Charles was Churchwarden of Wickwar from 1797-1799. Charles and Margaret had at least six children the eldest, Catherine was baptised at Wotton-under-Edge on 25th January 1774. The five younger children were all baptised at Wickwar between 1775 and 1782. The youngest, Betty, died aged four years.

Charles Brown II made his will on 24th August 1798 and died on 15th January 1799, aged fifty-four-years. His burial took place at Wickwar on 18th January where a table tomb was erected. The inscription to Charles Brown is now illegible but Bigland gives it as in memory of Charles and his daughter Betty, also to Margaret, his wife, who died in 1816. Their son, Charles, was buried with them in 1828.

Margaret Brown, widow of Charles Brown II, died on 21st March 1816, aged seventy-seven years and was buried on 29th March when she was described in the Wickwar Register as “of Yate”.

Charles Brown’s will was proved at Gloucester on 20th June 1801 and the estate was valued at less than £1,000.

 

Mary Isaac: ‘Yate Farms – A Record of Yate Farms in the former parish of Yate, Gloucestershire’

 

‘Frith Farm – The farmhouse is believed to have been built during the 1500s. Mr & Mrs J. Tomes were the occupants in 1677, followed by Mr & Mrs Gerrings in 1691. James, Lillie and Thomas Stokes purchased the farm from Mr & Mrs Shellard in 1744. Gabriel Amos was the tenant, followed by Charles and Margaret Brown from 1780. Mr & Mrs W.C. Higgs were farming Firth (sic) Farm in 1851…’

Bigland – Wickwar Churchyard:

 

‘This Memorial inscribed to Charles Brown of Gearing Frith, in the Parish of Yate, Yeoman, who died Jany 15, 1799, in the 54  Year of his Age. Also Betty, his daughter, who died on Oct. 21, 1786, Aged 4 Years 6 Months.’

The Will of Charles Brown II:

 

‘This is the Last Will and Testament of me Charles Brown of the Parish of Yate in the County of Glocester Yeoman. First I will and direct that my ffuneral expences the charges of proving this my will and all my debts be paid and disc… I give and bequeath unto Margaret my Wife all that mefsuage or tenement wherein I now dwell with the outhouses buildings gardens orchards closes lands and appurtenances thereto belonging situate in the Parish of Yate aforesaid in the said County and to which I hold my lease for a term of twenty one years imb… Mrs Elizabeth Stokes to hold to my said Wife during so many years and so long as the said term of twenty one years as she shall live and continue my Widow and unmarryed. And as to all the rest and residue of my goods chattels and personal estate of every nature and kind I Give the use interest and improvement then to the said Margaret my wife during her natural life if she shall so long continue my widow and unmarryed and from and after her decease or second marriage which shall first happen then I give and bequeath the same residuary personal estate absolutely and also the then residue and remainder of my estate for… and interest which shall be then to come of  and in the leasehold estate unto my five children Catherine, William, Charles, Joseph and Margaret equally between them as tenants in common and to become vested interests in them respect… at my decease. And whereas I have already advanced to my said daughter Catherine or to her husband John Isaac the younger since their marriage in money and effects the sum of ffifty four pounds. Now it is my will and I hereby declare that the said sum shall be deemed and taken as part of the share of my said daughter Catherine of and in my said personal estate and be deducted from her said share therein as also any other or further sum or sums of money or effects which I may happen to advance or give to my said daughter Catherine or her said husband and I also declare it to be my will that I do or shall at any time hereafter advance a sum or sums of money to any or either of my said children William, Charles, Joseph and Margaret that the same shall be deemed and taken as part of his or her or their respective share of & in my said personal estate and be deducted there from accordingly. And I do appoint the said Margaret my wife to be sole executrix of this my last will and testament hereby revoking all former wills or testaments by me made In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal the Twenty fourth day of August in the year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred and Ninety Eight.  Charles Brown.

Signed, sealed, published and declared by the said testator Charles Brown … for his last will and testament and in the presence of each other here under subscribed our names as witnesses thereto

Geo Rolph, Thos Shipway.’


 MARGARET BROWN, Great V Grandmother of Richard Barton

Daughter of Joseph Minett and Margaret (nee Cousins)

Wife of Charles Brown II

Mother of Catherine Isaac

 

Also Mother of William, Catherine Bennett, Joseph, Margaret Daniell and Betty

Margaret Minett was baptised on 10th November 1740 at Berkeley. She was the seventh child of Joseph and Margaret Minett of Baynham Farm, Berkeley. Margaret married Charles Brown II on 4th August 1772 at Wickwar. They settled at Gearing Frith, Yate where Charles was a tenant farmer. Charles was Churchwarden of Wickwar from 1797-1799. Charles and Margaret had at least six children the eldest, Catherine was baptised at Wotton-under-Edge on 25th January 1774. The five younger children were all baptised at Wickwar between 1775 and 1782. The youngest, Betty, died aged four years.

Charles Brown II made his will on 24th August 1798 and died on 15th January 1799, aged fifty-four-years. His burial took place at Wickwar on 18th January where a table tomb was erected. Charles Brown’s will was proved at Gloucester on 20th June 1801 and the estate was valued at less than £1,000.

The monumental inscription to Charles Brown is now illegible but Bigland gives it as in memory of Charles and his daughter Betty, also to Margaret, his wife, who died in 1816. Their son, Charles, was buried with them in 1828.

Margaret Brown, widow of Charles Brown II, died on 21st March 1816, aged seventy-seven years and was buried on 29th March when she was described in the Wickwar Register as “of

Yate”.


Their children were Great V Aunts and Uncles:

 

  1. CATHARINE ISAAC, Great IV Grandmother of Richard John Barton

 

Daughter of Charles Brown and Margaret (nee Minett)

Wife of John Isaac II

Mother of Mary Shield

 

Also Mother of Margaret Williamson, Nathaniel, John, Catherine Shield, Jessie, Joseph, Charles, Hannah Daniell, Anne Pullen, Cornelius and Elizabeth

 

Catharine Brown, the eldest daughter of Charles and Margaret Brown, was baptised on 5th January 1774 at Wotton-under-Edge. On 22nd November 1796 she married John Isaac ‘the Younger’ at Yate Parish Church. The wedding took place on 22nd November 1796 at Yate and Catharine was living at her parents’ home, Gearing Frith, Yate. In the Will of Charles Brown, of 1798, John Isaac is referred to as ‘The Younger’ and reference is made to loans made to him and his wife by her father, the testator.

John and Catharine had twelve children and the eldest six were all baptised at Wickwar between 1798 and 1807. Three children married into the family of James and Sarah Shield of Tytherington. The youngest of their children, Elizabeth, was deaf and dumb.

John Isaac II was buried on 13th August 1821 at Wickwar, only a year after his father, John Isaac I. Catharine Isaac, his widow, died on 28th April 1841 at Wickwar. She was described as the sixty-seven-year-old widow of John Isaac, Farmer. The cause of death was given as ‘Disease of the Ovary’. John Roberts, the Registrar, registered the death on 1st May 1841 and the informant was Sophia Cole of Wickwar who was present at the death. Catharine Isaac was buried on 18th April 1841 at Wickwar

 

  1. WILLIAM BROWN, Great V Uncle

 

William Brown was baptised on 4th August 1775 at Wickwar. On 7th March 1799 he married Eleanor Prout, by licence, at Wickwar

Bigland – Wickwar Churchyard:

 

‘In Memory of Eleanor, the Wife of William Brown, of the Town, She died Jany 29, 1800, Aged 43 Years . Also of Mary his Daughter, She died Decr. 31 1799 aged 61 (? 6 months) Years

William Brown of Yate, a widower, married Mabel Bennett at Thornbury, by licence, on 26th March 1801. Mabel’s younger sister Anne had married William Brown’s younger brother, Charles in 1799.

Mabel was born in 1771  the sixth child of Daniel Bennett (c. 1726-1799) and his wife Mary (nee Limbrick). According to James Bennett, Daniel lived in Eastwood Green House, and indeed his gravestone describes him as “of Eastwood”. Mary Bennett died on 24th February 1777 and her husband Daniel Bennett died on 14th May 1799. Mabel may have had an illegitimate son, William, some time before 1798, who was mentioned in her father’s will.

William died on 14th July 1808, aged thirty-three years, and a table tomb was erected at Wickwar in his memory.

The daughter of William and Eleanor Brown was a cousin of Mary Shield, Great III Grandmother:

 

MARY BROWN, cousin of Mary Shield

 

Mary Brown died on 31st December 1799 aged six months.

  1. CHARLES BROWN, Great V Uncle

 

Charles Brown was baptised on 10th or 18th (?) March 1777 at Wickwar. He married Anne Bennett on 1st January 1799 at Thornbury or Wickwar (?). Anne was born in 1775 and was the eighth child of Daniel Bennett (c. 1726-1799) and his wife Mary (nee Limbrick). According to James Bennett, Daniel lived in Eastwood Green House, and indeed his gravestone describes him as “of Eastwood”. Mary Bennett died on 24th February 1777 and her husband Daniel Bennett died on 14th May 1799. Anne’s elder sister Mabel later married Charles’s brother, William Brown in 1801.

Charles Brown died on 25th February 1828, aged fifty-one years and he was buried at Wickwar on 29th February.

Their son was a cousin of Mary Shield, Great III Grandmother:

 

CHARLES BROWN

 

Charles Brown was baptised on 1st January 1801 at Wickwar. He married Elizabeth Ford on 1st May 1827 at Wickwar. In 1841 he was an agricultural labourer and in 1851 a Baker of Wickwar.

  1. JOSEPH BROWN, Great V Uncle

 

Joseph Brown was baptised on 12th May 1778 at Wickwar. He married Deborah Gabb at Berkeley, by licence on 11th September 1810. Joseph was at the time a Farmer of Yate and his brother, Charles Brown of Wickwar, witnessed the marriage allegation and licence. Deborah Gabb was baptised on 16th October 1785 at North Nibley. From 1810 until 1817 Joseph Brown was described as a Yeoman of Wanswell and then in the 1820s and 30s as a labourer of Cold Elm. Joseph and Deborah moved to North Nibley where they were both buried, Joseph on 23rd April 1849 and Deborah in 1857.

Robert Haines wrote in his article:

 

‘A few years’ ago, whilst involved with the quest to seek my Brown family forebears, a letter from Mr. Richard Barton, of Cheltenham, had caused me to review my theories relating to the family and to redirect my line of enquiry. I had already traced the marriage of my gt. gt. gt. gt. grandparents – Joseph Brown and Deborah Gabb – this took place in my home parish of Berkeley on 11th September 1810. The marriage allegation and licence described Joseph as a farmer of Yate. Consequently, I sought Joseph’s baptism in the Yate parish register, but this drew a blank, so I looked closer to home and soon discovered a Joseph, son of Joseph Brown, baptised on 15th January, 1775 at Stone, just a few miles from Berkeley. A little more delving yielded several earlier generations of this family at Stone

However, Richard Barton’s letter with its new information caused me to abandon that line of enquiry when he confirmed that my Joseph did originate from the Yate region. In 1810, Joseph was living with his widowed mother at the family farmhouse, Frith Farm, in the northern section of Yate parish, but, being much closer to Wickwar church than to Yate church, the family attended the former church. Indeed, the Wickwar registers demonstrated that Joseph’s father, Charles Brown, was baptised at Wotton-under-Edge church on 25th January 1774. She married John Isaac of Yate in 1796, and is the ancestress of Richard Barton.

How did Joseph (1778-1850) come to meet his bride-to-be Deborah, the daughter of John Gabb, farmer of Wick, Berkeley? My investigations soon demonstrated that the Brown family had an earlier connection with Berkeley…

The Browns of Yate/Wickwar well-illustrate the precarious fortunes of the yeoman farmers of the late-18th and early-19th centuries. Charles Brown died in 1799 a wealthy farmer, but his son Joseph did not fare so well. He attempted to farm in the Wanswell area of Berkeley. The parish registers describe him as a farmer or dairyman in the period 1813-1817 when his children were baptised. However, the end of the Napoleonic Wars and increasing degrees of land enclosure by unsympathetic landowners led to a severe agricultural depression which ruined many tenant farmers.

Joseph’s farming activities appear to have met with failure and, circa 1820, he was forced to move to North Nibley where he lived for the remainder of his life, working probably on the small farm owned by Henry Gabb, a near-relation of his wife Deborah. Joseph died in 1850 and Deborah in 1857. Both were buried in North Nibley churchyard. Joseph and Deborah’s son, Joseph (1817-65), moved to Bevington, Berkeley. His days too ended in a tragic manner – his death certificate reports that he was killed by a fall from a tree in Whitcliff Park, the deer park belonging to the Berkeley Castle estate.

The Brown family is still extant and thriving in and near Berkeley with some branches of the family managing to revert to farming for their livelihood. Other local farming families can also trace their descent from Charles Brown (1746-1799) – the Shields of Tytherington, Berkeley and Frampton-on-Severn, the Daniells of Yate, and the Eleys of Kingswood and North Nibley.

If anyone wishes to contact me to exchange information, please write to my home address – 25 Lynch Road, Berkeley, Glos. Robert J. Haines – member No. 40 (G.F.H.S.).’

Their son was a cousin of Mary Shield, Great III Grandmother:

 

JOSEPH BROWN, cousin of Mary Shield

 

Joseph Brown was baptised on 26th February 1817 at Berkeley. He was a labourer of Bevington and was buried at Berkeley on 24th September 1865. On 4th May 1840 he married Emily or Emma Morgan at Berkeley. She was baptised at Oldbury-on-Severn on 9th July 1820.

Their son was a second cousin of Anne Eley, Great II Grandmother:

James Brown was born on 2nd September 1843 and baptised at Berkeley on 1st October 1843. He married Elizabeth Hopkins at Berkeley on 2nd December 1865. James Brown worked as a labourer of Bevington, Berkeley, and he was buried at Berkeley on 8th September 1894. Their son, James, married Millicent Jane Mills of Clapton, Berkeley, at St Paul’s Church, Bristol on 19th May 1891.

  1. MARGARET DANIELL (or DANIELS), Great V Aunt

 

Margaret Brown was baptised on 8th August 1780 at Frith Farm, Wickwar. She married William Daniell at Yate on 9th May 1799 and they had at least thirteen children.

They seem to have farmed at Yate until some time between 1802 and 1808 when they moved to Tortworth. William may have been descended from Thomas Daniell of Tortworth who died on 5th August 1780 aged fifty-two-years and his wife Anne who died in 1806 aged seventy-three-years who are buried at Tortworth near to William and Margaret. There is a baptism at Tortworth for William the son of Thomas and Ann Daniell on 5th December 1775.

‘Mr William Daniels of Tortworth in the said County of Gloucester, Yeoman, and Mr. John Minett of West End in the parish of Wickwar in the said County of Gloucester Yeoman’, were the executors appointed by brother-in-law, John Isaac II, in February 1821.

Margaret died on 18th February 1833 and was buried at Tortworth Parish Church on 23rd February aged fifty-two-years. An inscription included the words:

‘A faithful friend lies buried here

A mother kind a wife sincere

The loss is great that we sustain

We hope made death her gain’

At the time of the 1841 census William Daniell, a sixty-year-old Farmer, born in Gloucestershire, was farming at Tortworth next to Elm Tree Farm. With him were his daughters Elizabeth aged twenty-five-years, Elizabeth aged twenty years and Ann aged fifteen years. Their brother, Henry, aged fifteen years, was living with them at Tortworth.

William Daniell died on 8th October 1844 aged seventy years and was buried at Tortworth on 11th October aged sixty-nine-years. The inscription on his gravestone reads:

‘Grant him good Lord the joys that never cease

Grant him to drink fromn wisdom’s fountain clear

Those living streams for which he panted here…’

Buried with them was their great granddaughter Bessie Griffiths aged five months, the infant child of A & K Griffiths (sp?) – ‘of such is the Kingdom of Heaven’.

Their children were cousins of Mary Shield, Great III Grandmother:

  1. CHARLES DANIELL, cousin of Mary Shield

Charles Daniell was born in about 1801 at Yate. He married Mary Durnford and had children. From 1825 to 1836 they were living at Horsley. In 1851 Charles was farming 92 acres at Trench Farm, Wickwar Road, Kingswood.

Charles Daniell of Kingswood died on 13th July 1884 aged eighty-five-years (?) and was buried at Tortworth with his wife Mary who died on 4th May 1880 aged eighty-four-years.

Their children were second cousins of Anne Eley:

John Daniell was born in about 1825 at Horsley. In 1851 he was the farm bailiff looking after 90 acres at Tortworth for his aunts Selina and Margaret Daniell

On 31st March 1855 he married Catherine Anstey at Thornbury. He was described as a twenty-seven-year-old Farmer of Tortworth, son of Charles Daniell, Farmer and Catherine was aged twenty-three-years, the daughter of Thomas Anstey, farmer. The witnesses were Charles and Maria Anstey.

Mary Daniell was born in about 1827 at Horsley. Mary and her sister Margaret were buried together at Tortworth. Mary died on 15th September 1858 aged thirty-one-years.

William Daniell was born in about 1829 at Horsley

Augustus Daniell

Elizabeth Daniell was born in about 1831 at Horsley

Margaret Daniell was born in about 1834 at Horsley. Margaret was buried with her sister Mary at Tortworth. She died on 4th August 1852 aged nineteen-years.

Thomas Daniell was born in about 1836 at Horsley

  1. MARY ANNE COMELY, cousin of Mary Shield

Mary Anne Daniell was born in about 1802 at Yate. She married William Comely of Nettleton on 3rd June 1826 at Tortworth in the presence of William Daniell. They had children, two of whom died in infancy. In 1851 the family was living at Acton Turville.

Their children were second cousins of Anne Eley, Great II Grandmother:

Daniel Comely

Thomas Comely was born in about 1830 at Acton Turville

Edwin Comely

Margaret Comely

Henry Comely was born in about 1837 at Acton Turville

  1. WILLIAM DANIELL, cousin of Mary Shield

William Daniell was born in Yate in about 1802. He married Mary Daniell who was born at Wickwar in about 1794 and they had children. In 1851 they were farming 140 acres at Pool House, Yate.

In 1871 Mr and Mrs William Daniell were tenants of Barber’s Court Farm, followed by Mr and Mrs J. Daniell.

Mary Isaac: ‘Yate Farms – A Record of Yate Farms in the former parish of Yate, Gloucestershire’

 

‘Pool House Farm – Farmed by Mr & Mrs William Daniel’s (sic) in 1856 farming 140 acres. In 1871 Mr & Mrs Thomas Sparkes Nicholls were the farmers…’

Their children were second cousins of Anne Eley:

John Daniell was born in about 1826 at Cromhall

Thomas Daniell was born in about 1830 at Cromhall

William Daniell was born in about 1846 at Cromhall

  1. THOMAS DANIELL, cousin of Mary Shield and Great IV Uncle

Thomas was baptised on 26th January 1808 at Tortworth.

Thomas Daniell first married Sarah A. Limbrick and had a child. Sarah died and he then married his cousin Hannah Isaac and had a daughter. At Tortworth there is a gravestone of Mary (check) the daughter of Richard and Sarah Daniell of Charfield who died on 3rd November 1834 aged twenty-two-years.

He was one of the thirteen children of William and Margaret Daniell. Thomas’s sister, Ann Daniell, married Hannah’s brother, Charles Isaac. There are further burials at Tortworth of Thomas Daniell of Pool Farm, Yate, who died on 1st December 1847 aged forty-one-years (buried 6th December 1847 aged forty years) and of Hannah, his second wife, who died on 31st January 1884 aged eighty-three-years.

‘Uncle Ralph Hill’s5 father is dead now they will do very well having so much Money left them and his Mother is … very il’

Uncle Ralph Hill was actually a great-uncle. Grandmama’s sister, Hannah Isaac (1810-) first married Thomas Daniell (1807-1847) in 1839 at Yate and after his death married Ralph Hill in 1855. Ralph’s father had obviously just died and “now they will do very well having so much Money left them”. Ralph was a farmer at Yate and then Charfield.

4 Brown V Gt 5 5

Thomas Daniell (1807-1847) was a son of William and Margaret Daniell and, through his mother, a grandson of Charles Brown II (1744-1799), Great V Grandfather.
Thomas Daniell married Hannah Isaac (1810-), a Great IV Aunt, in 1839

The child of Thomas and Sarah Daniell was a second cousin of Anne Eley:

Sarah Daniell

The child of Thomas and Hannah Daniell was a second cousin of Anne Eley:

Eliza(beth) Daniell Through her mother’s family her children were second cousins of Ernest Edward Eley, namely:Tom Daniell, Florrie King and Fred Daniell

  1. JOHN DANIELL, infant cousin of Mary Shield

John Daniel was baptised privately at Tortworth on 16th November 1808 and buried on 8th December 1808 at Tortworth.

  1. ELIZABETH GRIFFITHS, cousin of Mary Shield

Elizabeth Daniell and her twin Mary were baptised privately at Tortworth on 16th January 1809. She was at home there aged twenty-five-years at the time of the 1841 census. She married John Griffiths of Henbury on 5th April 1842 at Tortworth in the presence of William and Selina Daniell. John and Elizabeth had children. In 1851 they were farming at Berwick Lane, Henbury.

Emile Griffiths was buried amongst the Daniell family at Tortworth, on 15th December 1889 aged eleven years. She was of Hamfield, Berkeley, the eldest daughter of A.E. and F.M. Griffiths. Buried with William and Margaret Daniell was their great granddaughter Bessie Griffiths aged five months, the infant child of A & K Griffiths (sp?) – ‘of such is the Kingdom of Heaven’.

Their children were second cousins of Anne Eley:

William Griffiths was born in about 1843 at Hallen. He married and had eight children

John Griffiths was born in about 1845 at Hallen. He married and had ten children

Esther Ann was born in about 1847 at Berwick Street (Elizabeth Griffiths married and had nine children)

Arthur Griffiths (1850-) married Frances Isaac (1853-), his first cousin, the daughter of Charles and Anne Isaac (nee Daniell) and had two children

  1. MARY DANIELL, cousin of Mary Shield

Mary and her twin Elizabeth Daniell were baptised privately at Tortworth on 16th January 1809.

  1. MARGARET DANIELL, cousin of Mary Shield

Margaret Daniell was baptised on 29th June 1813 at Tortworth and was at home there aged twenty years at the time of the 1841 census. She eventually died aged seventy-one years. In 1851 she was farming 90 acres at Tortworth with her sister Selina and their nephew John Daniell was Farm Bailiff

  1. ROBERT DANIELL, infant cousin of Mary Shield

Robert Daniell was buried on 16th December 1812 at Tortworth.

  1. ANNE ISAAC, cousin of Mary Shield and Great IV Aunt

Anne Daniell was baptised on 27th December 1815 at Tortworth. She married Charles Isaac, a farmer of Yate on 26th August 1837 at Tortworth in the presence of Selina Daniell and William Daniell, farmer. They had five children.

Charles Isaac (1808-1872) farmed at Hall End, Yate. He married his cousin, Ann Daniell of Frith Farm, Yate, one of the thirteen children of William and Margaret Daniell. Ann’s brother, Thomas Daniell, married Charles Isaac’s sister, Hannah in 1839. Ann and Thomas Daniell were both grandchildren of Charles Brown of Gearing Frith, Yate.

In the 1851 census return the family was at Hall End where Charles was farming 185 acres. Charles was described as a forty-five-year-old farmer, born in Yate. Ann, his thirty-six-year-old wife was born in Tortworth. William A. Isaac was born in Tortworth and was aged twelve; Augustus W. was born in Yate and aged ten; Anne was aged seven and born in Yate and Lucy. E. was aged three and born in Yate. Their staff included Sarah A. Griffin a twenty-two-year-old general servant and twenty-three-year-old William Draisey and sixteen-year-old William Gaston who were agricultural labourers.

Hall End Farm          ISAAC Charles              HD M  45   Farmer 185 Acres Emp 3L   GLS Yate

Hall End Farm          ISAAC Ann                  WI M  36   –                         GLS Tortworth

Hall End Farm          ISAAC William A.           SO –  12   –                         GLS Tortworth

Hall End Farm          ISAAC Augustus W.          SO –  10   –                         GLS Yate

Hall End Farm          ISAAC Anne                 DA –   7   –                         GLS Yate

Hall End Farm          ISAAC Lucy E.              DA –   3   –                         GLS Yate

Hall End Farm          GRIFFIN Sarah A.           SV U  22   General Servant           GLS Yate

Hall End Farm          DRAISEY William.           SV U  23   Ag Lab                    GLS Horton

Hall End Farm          GASTON William             SV U  16   Ag Lab                    GLS Berk[e]ley

Charles Isaac died in 1872 and Anne died in 1886..

Their children were first and second cousins of Anne Eley:

William Augustus Isaac (1838-1858)

Augustus William Isaac was born in Yate on 12th April 1840. He was aged ten in the 1851 census and born in Yate. He married his second cousin Esther Bennett who was born in Wickwar in 1841. Her parents were Robert Bennett (1803-1881) and his wife Hannah (nee Isaac 1813-1890, Augustus William’s father’s cousin).

Robert Bennett was born in 1803 and baptised at Thornbury, the fifth child of Joseph Bennett (1767-1834/5) and his wife who was also his second cousin Ashfield Bennett (1771-). They had been married on 13th January 1793 and lived at Heneage Court Falfield. Hannah Isaac was born in about 1813 and died in 1890. She married Robert Bennett on 15th June 1833. At the time of the 1851 census he and his family were living at Stirt Farm. Robert Bennett was an Alderman of Wickwar in 1867. He farmed at Poplar Farm, Wickwar, but by 1881 had moved to Ivy Cottage, Sodbury Road, Wickwar, where the census records the couple with two unmarried daughters, thirty-one-year-old Jane and twenty-three-year-old Sarah. Robert died later that year, and Hannah in 1890. They had at least eleven children and these included Esther and her younger sister Hannah (1846-1888) who married Augustus William’s cousin Alfred (1840-1919) in 1867.

In 1871 Augustus William Isaac farmed 160 acres employing four at Knocketts Hill Farm, Pewsham, Wilts. The census return described him as aged thirty years and born at Yate. His wife Esther was aged twenty-nine-years and born at Wickwar. Their children included Amy, a six-year-old scholar, born at Pewsham; Charles aged four-years and born at Pewsham, Robert aged three years and born at Pewsham and William aged one year and born at Pewsham. Living with them were Sarah Snell a dairymaid and Jane Holley a twelve-year-old nurse maid. The family moved to Hall End Farm, Yate, in 1876. The 1881 census records the family at Hall End Farm, Yate where Augustus was the farmer of 203 acres employing four men and a boy. Augustus and Esther had nine children, the elder ones were born in Pewsham, Wilts, and the younger ones in Yate. Mr and Mrs Jesse Isaac bought Hope House, Wickwar, for their retirement, and they were succeeded by their nephew Augustus Isaac and his wife Esther from 1911-1917. Esther died in 1914 and Augustus on 4th September 1917. They were buried at Wickwar.

Mary Isaac: ‘Yate Farms – A Record of Yate Farms in the former parish of Yate, Gloucestershire’

 

Hall End Farm (previously known as Baynhams) – ‘Mr George Bengough of Wotton-under-Edge had inherited the farm by 1860 and Mr & Mrs William Hopkins were the tenants, followed by Mr & Mrs Augustus Isaac in 1876. Mr & Mrs Isaac kept a mixed farm including milking cows, pigs, poultry and ducks. They also made butter and cheese, harvested beans, mangolds and corn.

Ownership passed to John Bengough and by 1920 to Mr. Nigel Bengough, who sold the farm to Mr & Mrs Levi Isaac. The new owners managed a dairy herd – making butter and cheese. They sold the milk to the milk Marketing Board when it was formed in 1933. Pigs were also fattened for market and sheep grazed the pastures. By 1936 Mr & Mrs Levi Isaac retired. Mr & Mrs Bruce Isaac took over the farm containing 200 acres, growing root, fruit and grain crops. They also milked a dairy herd, reared pigs, grazed sheep and kept poultry. David and John Isaac took over the tenancy of the farm in the early 1970s and in 1976 part of the land was split off to form Captains Farm. In 1991 Mr & Mrs D. Isaac purchased the farm, managing a dairy herd of 120 cows, a small flock of Jacob sheep as well as hens and ducks.

Celestine (Strontium) has been mined from the land at various times since the 1880s (last mined in 1991).

Their children were:Amy Stinchcombe (1863-) who married Fitz Stinchcombe (1865-) and had a child. Charles Isaac (1867-1942) who married Elizabeth Gingell Taylor and had five children. Robert Isaac (1868-1947) who married Amy Florence Pain (1870-) in 1894 and had five children. William Isaac (1869-1922) who married Elora (1885-1932) in 1905 and had four children. James Augustus Isaac (1871-) and married A. Craddock and then Daisy (?). He had four children. Levi Isaac (1874-1963) who married Dorothy Taylor (1877-1962). They had six children including Joseph Bruce Isaac the father of David Isaac of Hall End Farm, Yate. Grace Steer (1876-1942) who married Cecil Steer and had four children. Agnes Weekes (1879-1937) who married Joseph Weekes (1874-1944) and had four children. Mabel Hawkins (1879-1921) who married Philip George Hawkins and had three children.

Anne Pullin was aged seven and born in Yate according to the 1851 census return. She married her cousin Thomas Pullin (1841-1925). Thomas Pullen was the son of William and Anne Pullin (nee Isaac). At the time of the 1841 census his father was aged thirty-five-years and farming at Cow Shipton Farm, Wickwar. His mother was aged twenty-five years. John was aged three years and Thomas aged three months. All were shown as born in Gloucestershire.By 1851 William Pullen had moved to Great Lodge Farm at Pewsham. He was described as a fifty-year-old farmer of 350 acres, a native of Wickwar, and employing twelve labourers. Ann was described as aged forty-years and born in Yate. John was aged fourteen-years, Thomas aged ten years and William aged seven years. All three sons were born in Wickwar. On 14th June 1855 Ann Isaac Pullen was born at Derry Hill, Pewsham. She was the daughter of William Pullen and Ann , formerly Isaac, his wife. This child was baptised at Christ Church, Derry Hill, on 29th June. The 1861 census shows that Thomas Pullen had left home and was farming next door to his parents at Knacketts Hills Farm. He had 127 acres and employed two men and three women. He was described as unmarried, aged twenty-years and born at Wickwar. William Pullen the Elder of Great Farm Lodge died on 28th August 1863 at Pewsham. He left his daughter Ann Isaac Pullen £500 on reaching her twenty-first birthday and £8 yearly for the next five years to remain under the control of John Isaac the Elder. Thomas only received £5 from his father’s estate as he had already been set up in farming. The will was dated 1st August 1863, a codicil was dated 28th August and it was proved at Salisbury on 18th November 1863 by John Isaac the Elder of Wickwar, a plumber and glazier.  In 1871 Thomas Pullen, aged thirty-years and born at Wickwar was farming at Great Lodge Farm, Pewsham. He was occupying 338 acres and employing seven men and three boys. His wife Anne was a twenty-seven-year-old farmer’s wife born at Yate. Their children were Anne aged three-years and Lucy aged one year. Both children were born at Pewsham. Living with them was Thomas’s brother William Pullen an unmarried twenty-seven-year-old farmer and Anne Isaacs, his mother-in-law, aged fifty-five-years and born at Tortworth. Also we find a dairymaid and a nursemaid residing with the family.A monumental inscription at Atworth records that Anne Pullen died on 30th April 1904 aged sixty-years. Thomas Pullen, late of Lenton Farm, Great Chalfield, died on 2nd June 1923 aged eighty-two-years. Their eldest daughter, Anne, died on 21st June 1933 aged fifty-four-years. Their children were William Pullen was baptised on 7th February 1867 at Christ Church, Derry Hill; Lucy Pullen was baptised on 25th July 1869 at Christ Church, Derry Hill; Blanche Mary Pullen was baptised on 6th September 1871 at Christ Church, Derry Hill; Dora Beatrice Pullen was baptised on 27th June 1875 at Christ Church, Derry Hill. She was buried on 17th November 1875 aged seven months; Maude Selina Pullen was baptised on 24th February 1878 at Christ Church, Derry Hill.

Your Uncle Pullen6 is dead and Anne Isaac is going to have Tom Pullen after a bit.

The second son of Great IV Aunt and Uncle William and Anne Pullin (nee Isaac) was Thomas Pullin (1841-1925) who was also a farmer in Wilts and would be the “Tom Pullin” mentioned. The Anne Isaac that was “going to have him after a bit” was the daughter of Grandmamma’s brother Charles, mentioned earlier, whom he married in 1865.

Lucy Elizabeth Hart (1848-1902) was aged three and born in Yate in the 1851 census return. She married Stephen Edward Hart. The Harts came from Rooknest Farm, Pewsham. In 1871 Stephen was living at home with his family, aged sixteen years and was described as a farmer’s son, born at Seend. His brother William Whale Hart married Ann Isaac Pullen and his sister Ann Maria Hart married William Pullen (brother of Ann Isaac Pullen). At the time of the 1891 census Stephen Edward and Lucy Elizabeth Hart were farming at Rooks Nest Farm, Pewsham. Stephen was described as a thirty-six-year-old farmer, born at Seend. Lucy Elizabeth, his forty-two-year-old wife was born at Yate. Their children included Annie J.L. Hart, aged twelve years, born at Yate; Dora B. Hart, aged eleven years, born at Yate; Charles Wm Hart aged nine years, born at Yate; William E. Hart aged seven years, born at Yate; Albert Augustus Hart aged five years born in Yate, May Mary Isaac aged one year, born at Pewsham. Also living with them were William Hart, Stephen’s father, aged seventy-one-years, a retired farmer, born in Seend, Edward J. Daniell, a nine-year-old nephew born at Atworth and Thomas A. Daniell, a six-year-old nephew also born at Atworth. Also a general servant, Mary Jane Hall. Stephen Edward Hart died on 15th April 1937 aged eighty-two-years and was buried at St Paul’s Chippenham. His wife Elizabeth died on 20th February 1902, aged fifty-four-years.Their children were Annie J.L. Hart, at the time of the 1891 census was living at home and described as aged twelve years, born at Yate; Dora B. Hart, at the time of the 1891 census was living at home and described as aged eleven years, born at Yate; Charles Wm Hart at the time of the 1891 census was living at home and described as aged nine years, born at Yate; William E. Hart at the time of the 1891 census was living at home and described as aged seven years, born at Yate; Albert Augustus Hart at the time of the 1891 census was living at home and described as aged five years born in Yate, May Mary Isaac Hart at the time of the 1891 census was living at home and described as aged one year, born at Pewsham. She was buried at St Paul’s Chippenham on 22nd July 1898 aged eight years.

Frances Griffiths (1853-) married her first cousin, Arthur Griffiths (1850-), the son of John and Elizabeth Griffiths (nee Daniell).

  1. SELINA ANSTEY, cousin of Mary Shield

Selina Daniell was born at Tortworth in about 1818. In 1851 she was farming 90 acres at Tortworth with her sister Margaret and their nephew John Daniell was Farm Bailiff

Selina married Henry Anstey, a farmer of Kington, on 31st March 1855 at Tortworth. She was described as the daughter of William Daniell, farmer, and he as the son of  Thomas Anstey, a farmer. The 1851 census shows:

  1. EDWIN DANIELL, cousin of Mary Shield

Edwin Daniell was baptised on 2nd February 1820 at Tortworth. He died aged thirteen years and was buried on 20th July 1833 at Tortworth.

  1. HENRY DANIELL, cousin and son-in-law of Mary Shield, Great III Grandmother

Henry and Eliza Daniell were baptised on 27th January 1822 at Tortworth. Henry was entered in the register as baptised privately.

He was at home aged fifteen years at the time of the 1841 census. He married Sarah Shield, the daughter of his cousin, Mary Shield and her husband James Shield of Barber’s Land, Tytherington. Not only was he a cousin of Mary Shield but he was also now her son-in-law.

Sarah Shield was baptised on 19th May 1827 at Tytherington. In 1841 she was aged fourteen years and living at home. She married Henry Daniell at Tytherington on 9th September 1847.  He was described on the marriage certificate as a bachelor of full age, a farmer of Tortworth, son of William Daniell, farmer. Sarah was described as a minor, a spinster, daughter of James Shield, farmer. Their witnesses were Charles Daniell and Mary Shield.

Henry and Sarah had a daughter, Susannah, who was born in 1848 at Cromhall. In the 1851 census return they were living at Little Sodbury House where they farmed sixty-seven acres. Henry was described as a twenty-eight-year-old farmer who was born in Tortworth. Sarah, aged twenty-four, was born in Tytherington. Their children at home for the census were Sarah, aged two, who was born at Cromhall and Henry William, aged one, who was born at Little Sodbury. Their eldest child, Susannah, aged three, was staying with her grandparents James and Mary Shield, at Barber’s Lands, Tytherington. She too was born at Cromhall. F. G. Marling said that Sarah and her husband lived at Chipping Sodbury Manor (???)

Henry and Sarah Daniell emigrated to Australia some time after 1851 and had ten or twelve further children including Sarah, Elizabeth and Henry. Their eldest daughter, Susannah, was left behind and was brought up by her grandparents, James and Mary Shield.

 

Notes on the back of an old envelope produced by Frank George Marling, probably after discussion with his mother-in-law, Anne Eley (nee Shield).

 

‘Sarah Shield lived at Chipping Sodbury Manor and married William Daniell (went to Australia) 10-12 children. Susie (left in England) – Mrs Edwin Smith then Mrs Bob Drew. Her son Gilbert Drew. (21 Shield (Eley) bought house off him).’

The Australian Shields                                                                                                            

Two of James and Mary’s children emigrated to Australia, their eldest daughter Sarah and their second son John.

Sarah Shield, born in 1827, married Henry Daniell, a farmer from Tortworth, on 9th September 1847 at Tytherington. They had three children born in England, Susannah in 1847, Sarah in 1849 and Henry William in 1850. In 1851 they were living at Little Sodbury House, near Hawkesbury and Henry was farming 67 acres. However, in 1852 Henry and Sarah and their two younger children (aged three and one) emigrated to South Australia, leaving their elder daughter, Susannah, behind to be brought up by her grandparents. Why they left Susannah is not known but she never saw her parents again. Henry and Sarah with their two younger children set sail from Plymouth on the Standard on 6th March 1852, arriving at Port Adelaide, South Australia on 15th June. Soon after arriving Sarah wrote a letter home to her parents. (I have left the original spelling but added some punctuation to make it easier to read – there was none at all in the original!)

South Astrilia

Adelade June 28

Dear Mother and Father

I hope you are all well as it leaves us at present. We arrived here the 16 after a good Voige, we had but two rough knights. I and the Children was very Sick for a fortknight and as soon as I got beter my Dear little boy got ill, he kept srinking every day for six weeks, he was gone to skin and bone. We had a very kind Docter and Captin and had it not been for the Captin kindness I think he uld have died. He told me to go in to the Cabin whenever I chose. All through the voige I Dined and Drinked Tea with the Captin and Docter many times and I did have a glass or two of wine every day. The Docter gave up my boy for death, he sead he could do nothing more for him. He never tasted any thing but a little Port Wine for more than a week nor uld not let no one tuch him but me, he uld not let his Father tutch him. I did nothing but cry over him one Sunday when he was at his worst but Provedence sede fit to restore him to me but he have got the hoping Cougf very bad now. We had nine deaths and 7 births in the Ship. Every thing is very dear here now on account of the Gold digins. There is no men left to Cultavate the land, they have left their Crops to go to the digins for any one to have. Henry have got a Situshion 50 Mils up in the Cuntry, he have got 12s a week and all our food and house and firing and he have so much ground for a garden as we like and when the Sheep Shering Coms on he will have from three to four Months Shering and then he will be able to erne 3 Pounds a weeck. Mrs Butler keeps 60 Thousand Sheep. We leve here to morrow morning and when we get there I shall give you more pertickelers. Plese to remember me to all my aunts and Uncles and all enquiring Frends. Tell my dear little Suse I wish I had her with me, Sarah is ofen Speking of her. Plese to remember me to Old Aunt. Henry joins with me in kind love to you all

I remain Dear Mother and Father your Affectonate Daughter

 

Direct H Daniell Sarah Daniell at Messr Grant and Butler River Light South Astrilia

Henry and Sarah first settled in Tea Tree Gully to the north east of Adelaide. This area, named after the native tea trees which once grew in thickets in the swampy gully in the face of the Adelaide hills, was first settled in 1837 by stockholders who found the soil rich and fertile. The early settlers were predominantly agricultural folk who transformed the land into a patchwork of orchards, paddocks and fields of cereal crops. In 1855 the population of the Tea Tree Gully area was 1440. A hundred years later it was 2561. After that the population climbed dramatically as people settled in the area from all over the world until by 2004 it was over 100,000: it is now one of the most populous local government divisions in Adelaide. An awesome expansion of growth and development for what was once Old Tea Tree Gully- a district of orderly vineyards and orchards, of gullies thickly wooded with native trees, and scattered farms and villages. Henry and Sarah would not recognise it today!

When in Australia Henry and Sarah had another nine children, Thomas Butler in 1853, Mary Jane 1854, Lucy Selina 1856, Elizabeth Caroline 1859, Annie Eliza 1862, William Augustus 1865, Clara Agnes 1868, Florence Shield 1869 and Rosa May in 1874. Sarah wrote many letters home to her parents and some of these are now in the possession of Josie Drew, the wife of Mervyn Drew a descendant of Susannah Daniell, the daughter who was left behind in England.

Susannah also wrote to her parents, Sarah and Henry, in Australia. This is a letter written in 1864 when Susannah was 17 years old and is full of gossip about the family. I have tried to explain a few of the complicated family relationships!

Wednesday Morning Jan 13 1864

My Dear Mother

I received your kind letter and was … to hear from you and that you are all … to hear of such a good account of Australia and that my dear Brothers & Sisters are getting on so well. I am sorry to tell you my Aunt Cathy1 have been very ill and I am staying with her at Birmingham at present. She have been ill this year with Inflammation on the Lungs but I am happy to say she is getting better as I long to be home with my Dear Grandmamma and Granpapa.

 Grandpapa has got a very bad cold but I trust it will soon get better. My Dear Grandmamma would give all the world if she could but …..  to speak to you Dear Mother … so should … She do want? you to send all the childrens Names begin at Sarah and want you to send Marys Likeness and her own. Dear Mother I shall never come ever because I do not like the Water. I am quite grown up now and I hope you will save me a good Fortune and send me … I hope you received Uncle Charles’s2 Portraits quite safe as they said when they was here last they was going to send it … … by the time you get this

Aunt Eley3 will have a baby they are both very well thank God & send their kind love to you all. James Shield4 is dead that lives in Somersetshire, he has not been dead a twelvemonth yet and his Widow has married again the other week to Mr Hancock of the same Place

My Dear Mother do you ever think of coming to England again as I should be so pleased to see my Dear brothers and Sisters. My Dear Uncles are quite well send their kindred Love to you all. Uncle Ralph Hill’s5 father is dead now they will do very well having so much Money left them and his Mother is … very ill

Cousin Sarah is going to have Daniel Luce at last they Court very strong at present. I don’t know whether it is too hot to last she have been staying at Luces all the Christmas she came down to see the other Cousins for a couple of Hours. Dear Mother I don’t know whether you have seen the Miss Trotmans, Aunt Isaac’s relations because they are come out there

Your Uncle Pullen6 is dead and Anne Isaac is going to have Tom Pullen after a bit.

I am sorry to tell you Dear Uncle7 is going to disgrace himself he is going to Marry Robbert Tratmans daughter disgracing all the Family … in the world ….  and to do such a thing as that …. if he had not taking up with such a … as that he might of married a lady he would …  have talked to him, he says he shall do as he please …. about … any one who he Marries .Of course she is very pleased to marry a Farmers son. He is there every night. Dear Grandmamma is nearly …. about it, she is always talking to him about it but can make no impression on him

I think I have told you all the news I can think of hopeing you Dear Mother will write back as soon as you get this letter as I am so delighted to hear from you.

…. my Dear Grandmamma and Grandpapa and my Dear Mother joining with me in kindred Love to you and Dear father and my Dear brothers and Sisters from your sincere and loving child Susan Daniell

You must write Dear father for we shall soon be parted from my Dear Grandmamma and Grandpapa8     

  1. 1. Aunt Cathy was Sarah’s sister Catherine Shield who had married William Robertson Isaac in Birmingham in 1861.
  2. 2. Uncle Charles was actually a great-uncle, the brother of Grandmamma, Charles Isaac (1807-1872) who married Anne Daniell (1815-1886) in 1837 and had five children. Charles was a farmer at Hall End Farm, Yate.
  3. 3. Aunt Eley was Sarah’s sister Annie Shield (1837-1934) who married James Eley (1836-1874) in May 1863 at Thornbury and had nine children. The first, Florence Mary, was born in 1864 which explains “Aunt Eley will have a baby”
  4. 4. James Shield “that lives in Somersetshire”. Grandpapa’s sister, Elizabeth Shield (1805-) had first married her cousin James Shield (1784-1829) and after he died married Nathaniel Isaac (1800-1870) a brother of Grandmamma. Elizabeth and James had three children, the eldest of which, James Wickham Shield (1825-1863) was a farmer in Winscombe, Somerset. After James Wickham died in early 1863, his widow Maria remarried Henry Hancock in late 1863. “he has not been dead a twelvemonth yet” – not really a decent interval!
  5. 5. Uncle Ralph Hill was actually a great-uncle. Grandmama’s sister, Hannah Isaac (1810-) first married Thomas Daniell (1807-1847) in 1839 at Yate and after his death married Ralph Hill in 1855. Ralph’s father had obviously just died and “now they will do very well having so much Money left them”. Ralph was a farmer at Yate and then Charfield.
  6. 6. Uncle Pullin. Grandmamma’s sister Anne Isaac (1812-1855) married William Pullin (1802-1863) in 1836 and they had four children. William was a farmer, first at Wickwar and then at Pewsham, Wilts. He died in August 1863. His second son, Thomas Pullin (1841-1925) was also a farmer in Wilts and would be the “Tom Pullin” The Anne Isaac that was “going to have him after a bit” was the daughter of Grandmamma’s brother Charles, mentioned earlier, whom he married in 1865.
  7. 7. Dear Uncle was Sarah’s brother, John Shield (1831-), who did indeed marry Ann Tratman (1847-), the daughter of Robert Tratman later that same year
  8. 8. This sounds as if Susannah thought her grandparents were about to die: in fact her grandfather lived another 11 years and her grandmother another 17.

Finally, a letter written by Sarah Daniell to her family back home in 1872.

Tea Tree Gully Feby 29th 72

My ever dear Parents Brothers and Sisters

Your letter of Sep 24th 1871 informing me of the Death of my dear youngest Brother Luke1 did not reach me until the 14th of this Month February, the ship that brought it was recked so I did not hear of the sad bereavement for nerly six months. My dear sorrowing parents let us hope that he is entred his rest for the Lord gave and he also taketh away Blessed be the name of the Lord. I will praise him as long as I live for he has done great things for me whereof I am glad and do put my trust in him. I am glad to hear that My dear Daughter Mrs Smith2 is got safe over her troble and goin on very well give my kind love to her and tell her to write a few lines to me as soon as she can and send her Likeness for her Brother Thomas Butler and he have one taken redy to send in return. Give my best love to my dear Sister Mrs Eley and her dear Husband and Family. Give my kind love to my dear Sister Catherine and her dear Husband and I shold so much like her Likeness and William if She will send me I will send one in return. My dear brother John and Wife and family is quite well and desires theyr best love to you all. John is working with my husband, they have got a Contract making 8 Chaines of Rood. The crops is not very good in this Colony this year, many of the farmers have not more than 3 Bushels of Wheat to the Acre but we had ten this year, last Year we had 20 Bushels on the same ground. We do milk four Cows but the Butter is setting very low it is only 10 pence pr lb, Eggs 9 pence per Dozen. We have a good crop of Grapes, I think we shall make about 100 gallons of Wine this Year, we are goin to make it next week if it is fine. I resived my Father Likeness safe and I am very pleased with it. When you rite again plese to send the old house. Henry and all the Children joine with me in kind love to you all

I remain my dear parents your ever affectionate and Loving Daughter sarah Daniell

PS plese to write soon

  1. 1. Sarah’s youngest brother, Luke Shield, died in September 1871. 2. Daughter Mrs Smith. Sarah’s daughter, Susannah Daniell had married Edwin Smith in 1869.

Sarah and Henry Daniell remained in Australia for the rest of their lives, never returning home to England and never seeing their daughter Susannah again. They went through good times and bad. Some years the harvest failed, due to drought. Other years there was such a glut that prices plummeted, but they never in their letters mentioned wanting to come home to England. They wrote about their illnesses: Sarah suffered for many years with erysipelas, a streptococcal infection of the skin which causes a very painful rash and appeared to put her out of action for weeks and sometimes months at a time. One of her sons had consumption. In a letter home to Susannah in 1865 she says “how sorry she is to hear you have got the Leppercy and my dear sister to have it on her so many years” This may or may not have really been leprosy – the term covered many skin conditions such as fungal infections, psoriasis, etc. It was not actually possible to diagnose true leprosy until the end of the 19th century. (Although there are still on average 10 cases of leprosy diagnosed in England and Wales every year today (2007).)

Sarah’s father, James Shield, wrote his will in October 1872 leaving £50 to Sarah and £150 to his son John. In May 1873 he wrote a codicil, revoking the £50 to Sarah and giving only £100 to John. This was because he had already sent Sarah and John £50 each. In August 1873 Sarah wrote “My ever dear Parents, Sisters & Brothers. I received your kind and welcom letter last week and the draft on the Bank of South Australia. £50.00 and I am much obliged to dear Father for it. I went and drawd it out that Bank and put it in the Savings Bank and John did the same with his.”

 

Henry and Sarah moved in 1875 from Tea Tree Gully to Coobowie, about 150 miles from Adelaide on the Yorke peninsula, where they farmed Rockhampton Farm. Many workers  from the Adelaide plains came to try their luck there after it was discovered that it was a good place for cereal crops. Production rose from 552 acres planted and reaped in 1870 to 180,000 acres by 1884. It is now famous for wheat and barley crops. Henry died there in 1886 aged 63 and Sarah died in 1913 aged 86 years.

Their children were nieces and nephews as well as second cousins of Anne Eley, Great II Grandmother:

 

Susannah Drew was born on 31st December 1847 at Cromhall. She was living with her grandparents at Barber’s Land Farm at the time of the 1851 and 1861 census returns but had left by 1871. She first married Edwin Smith and then Robert Drew. She died in 1897. Their son, Gilbert Drew, was a second cousin of Grace Margaret Terrett, Grandmother and a third cousin of her father. He lived at Whitfield, near Falfield. His son Robert Drew married Joan Pullin and had children Elizabeth and Margaret. Uncle James Shield Eley bought the house from him.

 

Susannah Daniell, the daughter left behind in England with her grandparents, married Edwin Smith, a farmer, at Thornbury in 1869 and they had one daughter, Mary Catherine in 1871. Sadly, Edwin died in 1872 aged only 35 and Mary Catherine died in 1875 aged four. That same year Susannah remarried another farmer, Robert Drew and the following year had a son, Gilbert. A grandson of Gilbert’s, Mervyn Drew and his wife Josie, are today (2007) farming at Northwick, close to the Severn Bridge.

Sarah Hancock according to the 1851 census Sarah was aged two years and had been born at Cromhall. She emigrated to Australia and married Thomas Hancock.

Henry Daniell was described as one-year-old and born at Little Sodbury according to the 1851 census return. He married Mary Amanda Bartram in 1878 and had seven children.

Thomas Butler Daniell was born in 1853 in Australia and married Lydia Wray and had two children.

Mary Jane Lihou was born in Australia in 1854 and married Harpur Lihou and had three children in 1877.

Lucy Selina Hutchinson was born in 1856 in Australia. She married in 1877 and had two children.

Elizabeth Caroline Diprose was born in 1859 in Australia and married William Diprose in 1879.

Annie Eliza Kennett was born in 1862 in Australia and married Samuel Kennett in 1885.

William Augustus Daniell was born in 1865 in Australia and married Elizabeth Diprose in 1892 and had one son.

Clara Agnes Daniell was born in 1868 in Australia

Florence Shield Spooner was born in 1869 in Australia and married William Spooner

Rosa May Daniell was born in 1874 in Australia.

 

  1. ELIZA PULLIN, cousin of Mary Shield

Eliza and Henry Daniell was baptised on 17th June 1822 at Tortworth. She married Thomas Pullin, a farmer of Cromhall, on 30th March 1850. She was described as the daughter of William Daniell, farmer, and he as the son of Lawford Pullen, farmer. They had at least three children. In 1851 they were farming 92 acres at Bush Street Farm, North Nibley.

 

Probably Thomas was a son of Lawford and Martha Pullin of Cromhall who were described in the 1851 census as:

Village of Cromhall    PULLIN Lawford             HD M  70   Farmer of 100A            GLS Cromhall

Village of Cromhall    PULLIN Martha              WI M  69   –                         GLS Cromhall

Village of Cromhall    PULLIN Sarah               DA U  39   Farmer’s Daughter         GLS Cromhall

Village of Cromhall    PULLIN Elizabeth           DA U  35   Farmer’s Daughter         GLS Cromhall

Village of Cromhall    PULLIN James               SO U  32   Farmer’s Son              GLS Cromhall

Village of Cromhall    PULLIN William             SO U  21   Farmer’s Son              GLS Cromhall

Village of Cromhall    PULLIN Richard             GS U  19   Farmer’s Grandson         GLS Cromhall

In 1853 Thomas and Eliza Pullin were still farming at North Nibley and Thomas  witnessed his daughter’s wedding in 1876.

Ann Reid, 29-7-08:

Something else that has come to light:

  Martha Smith & Lawford Pullen, cousins, married 16.05.1805 – they lived at Cromhall  & had 7 children, one of whom was Thomas, who married Eliza Daniel on 30.03.1850 & had 3 children:

  1. Lawford – born 5th Jan. 1851 at Oldbury on Severn, baptised 20th April, 1851, died at Olveston 13th Jan. 1924.
    2. William – born 4th Feb. 1852, North Nibley, married Sarah Lavinia Alvis (24.11.1855 -11.3.1933). He died at Compton Greenfield, Henbury on 4th May, 1903.
    3. Selina – born 1853 North Nibley, married at age 23 in 1876 to Henry Shield (25.5.1839-1921). She died in 1920, aged 67.  They had a son, Lawford Shield, born at Tytherington in 1878 – married in 1903 to Louisa Cory Westaway (1881-1969). He died at Berkeley 30th Aug. 1964.

Just another interesting twist!

Ann

Their children were second cousins of Anne Eley:

Lawford Pullin was born on 5th January 1851 at Oldbury-on-Severn. He was baptised on 20th April that year and was aged three months at the time of the 1851 census. He witnessed his sister’s wedding in 1876. He died at Olveston on 13th January 1924.

William Pullin was born on 4th February 1852 at North Nibley. He married Sarah Lavinia Alvis (24-11-1855 to 11-3-1933). He died at Compton Greenfield, Henbury on 4th May 1903.

Selina Shield (Great III Aunt) was the daughter of Thomas Pullin, a farmer, and his wife (nee Daniel) and she was born on 7th March 1853 at North Nibley and baptised on 3rd April that year. Banns were published at Tytherington in 1876 for the marriage of Henry Shield to Selina Pullin of Yate. The marriage took place at Yate Parish Church on 30th March 1876. Henry was described on the certificate as a Farmer and bachelor of Tytherington of full age, the son of James Shield, a Farmer. Selina was described as a spinster of full age, daughter of Thomas Pullin, a Farmer, and the witnesses were her father and her brother Lawford Pullin. Her husband was Selina’s second cousin and Selina’s Uncle Henry Daniell was married to Henry’s sister.

 Henry Shield was born on 27th October 1838 at Tytherington and this was registered on 7th December. He was baptised at the Parish Church on 25th May 1839. He appeared in the census returns for 1841 to 1871 at Barber’s Land at Tytherington. He was described as a twelve-year-old farmer’s son in the 1851 census and as born in Tytherington. In the last he was described as unmarried and thirty-years-old.

Henry and Selina had five children who were born between 1877 and 1890 when their youngest daughter, Gladys, was born in Almondsbury.

The Kelly’s Directory for 1879-80 describes him as being a farmer at Barber’s Land with his brother James.

In the 1881 census return James was farming 250 acres and employing three men at Barber’s Land Farm, Tytherington with his brother Henry. James was described as a fifty-one-year-old farmer, born in Tytherington. His brother Henry was then forty-two-years-old and his wife Selina, aged twenty-eight-years was born in North Nibley. Their children were James T. aged four years; Lawford H. aged three years and Eliza M. aged one year. All of these were born in Tytherington

In the 1891 census return James Shield was farming at Barber’s Land with his brother Henry. James was described as a sixty-one-year-old farmer, born in Tytherington. Henry was aged fifty-two-years and his wife Selina, born in North Nibley, was aged thirty-eight-years. Their children were James T. aged fourteen, Lawford H. aged thirteen; Eliza M. aged eleven and Gladys S. aged one year. All the children were born in Tytherington. They had two servants.

In the 1891 census return Aunt Catherine Isaac was staying with John Clarke and Hester Shepherd at Vilner’s Farm, Kington. Staying with them on the night of the census was Henry and Selina’s daughter Catherine B. Shield, aged nine-years and born in Tytherington.

In the 1901 census return Catherine Isaac was living with her brother, James Shield, at Falfield. With them was their niece, Catherine B. Shield who was now aged nineteen and still described as born in Tytherington.

A reference in 1914 to a Henry Shield living at “The Villa”, Tytherington may refer to this family.

Selina died on 24th December 1920 at York House, Newport, Berkeley. Henry died on 17th April 1921, aged eighty-two years, at Floodgates Farm, Berkeley. Both of them were buried at Berkeley Cemetery.

The Dursley Gazette for Saturday 23rd April 1921 supplied the following details in an obituary: ‘Death of Mr. Henry Shield’. He died aged eighty-two-years on the preceding Sunday. For a long time he had Flood Gates Farm but had been retired for some years. His son Mr. J.T. Shield succeeded him at this farm and his son Mr. L. Shield occupied Alkington Farm. The wife of the deceased died in the previous December and it was reported that he never rallied from his bereavement. He had a large circle of friends. The funeral took place last Thursday. The bearers were W.A. Pullin; J.W. Pullin, E.E. Eley and P.J. Eley. Among the many who were present mention was made of Mr. J.S. Eley.

Frank George Marling wrote in his notes on the back of the envelope – ‘ Harry – (children) – Jim, Lawford, Cissy – Mrs Chas Westaway, Dolly  (Mrs Martin Gazzard), Gladys’.

Berkeley Cemetery: Henry Shield, Floodgates Farm, 17th April 1921 aged eighty-two- years and Selina who died 24th December 1920 aged sixty-seven-years.

Henry Shield, farmer of Barmers Land, Over and Floodgates

James and Mary’s son, Henry Shield, was born at Barmers Land Farm on 27th October 1838 and baptised in the church at Tytherington on 25th May 1839. In 1871 aged 32 and still unmarried, he was working the farm with his father and brothers James and Luke. On 30th March 1876, aged 37, he married Selina Pullin at St. Mary’s Church, Yate. Selina was 23 and had been born at North Nibley but was then living with her parents at Orwill Farm, Yate. The witnesses at the marriage were her father Thomas Pullin and her brother Lawford Pullin.

Henry and Selina, along with Henry’s elder brother James, farmed Barmers Land until 1885 and their first four children were born there. These were James Thomas in 1877, Lawford Henry 1878, Eliza Mary 1879 and Catherine Blanche 1882. In the 1881 census Henry aged 42 and James aged 51 were farming 250 acres and employing three men. They were living at Barmers Land together with Selina, the first three children and two servants. The whole family, including James, then moved to Over Court Farm at Over, Almondsbury.

 

While at Over Court Henry and Selina had another three children all baptised at Almondsbury. These were Gilbert John in 1885 who died when a few weeks old, Gilbert Archibald in 1886 who died when a few months old and Gladys Selina in 1890. In 1891 James aged 61, Henry aged 52, his wife Selina aged 38 and four of their surviving five children, along with two servants, were living at Over Court Farm. Their daughter, Catherine Blanche, aged nine, was living with her widowed Aunt Catherine Isaac at Vilner farm, Thornbury.  In the 1894 Kelly’s Directory James and Henry Shield were still at Over Court Farm but by 1897 Henry was at Floodgates Farm, Ham, Berkeley and James had retired to live with his widowed sister Catherine Isaac at Falfield.

In the 1901 census Henry age 62 and Selina aged 48 were at Floodgates with Lawford aged 23 and Gladys aged 11. They also had Selina’s 84 year-old widowed father, Thomas Pullin, living with them and one servant. Their eldest son James aged 24 and eldest daughter Eliza Mary aged 21 were farming together at Mereford farm, Kingswood and their daughter Catherine Blanche aged 19 was still with her Aunt Catherine Isaac who was now at Falfield, together with her Uncle James Shield.

Henry wrote his will in 1917 when he was living at St.Mary Street, Thornbury and described as a retired farmer. He made his sons, James and Lawford, and his wife Selina, executors and trustees of his will. Selina was to receive all his household effects and £12 a year from each of his children. The rest of his estate to be divided equally between his five children. However, Selina died before Henry on 24th December 1920 aged 67 of acute bronchitis and cardiac failure and Henry died aged 82 of cerebral thrombosis on 17th April the following year, both at Newport, Berkeley: the gross value of his estate was £2046, net value £1252. Henry and Selina were buried together at Berkeley cemetery where the inscription reads:

In loving memory of Henry Shield                                                                                              late of Floodgates Farm in this parish                                                                                    who died April 17th 1921 aged 82 years                                                                                       Also Selina wife of the above                                                                                                          who died December 24th 1920 aged 67 years                                                                                   Thy Will be Done

BETTY BROWN, Great V Aunt of Richard Barton

 

Betty was baptised on 29th April 1782 and she died on 21st October 1786 aged four years and six months. She was buried at Wickwar.


 

FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THIS FAMILY CONTACT: btsarnia@gmail.com

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