A tribute to the life and work of Brian Torode
From the Visitations of the County of Gloucestershire:
Drugo de Balladon
Gilbert de Wynston and Isabel de Valance, dau and co-heir of William Valance
(Made great wooden table for the Great Hall of the Palace of Westminster for Edward III)
John Winston and Joan, daughter of Reginald Cecil of Penclough, Mon.
Watkin (Hugh) Winston of Ewys, Herefordshire and Catherine, daughter of Sir Edward Stradling Knt. of St. Donat’s
Hugh Winston and Joan daughter of Howel ap Evan Sais of Parc Lettis
Sir Walter (Watkin) Winston and Margaret, daughter of Sir William Walby Knt. (Walbeoffe) of Llanhamlach, Brecon
John (Jenkin) Winston and Catherine, daughter and heir of John Baynham
of Sychnant, Llangarvin
John Winston of Sychnant, Llangarvin and Margery, daughter of Mogen Byseley of Glos
Thomas Winstone and Alice
Robert Winstone I (-1615) and Ellen Giles
Robert Winstone II (-1626) and Katherine
Yeoman of Wheatenhurst
Thomas Winstone II (1622-1693) and Jane (1622-1653)
Mercer of Wotton-under-Edge
Thomas Winstone III (1649/50-1684) and Dorothy Okes (1646-1715/6)
Mercer of Wotton-under-Edge
Sarah Winstone (1679/80-1745) and John Barton II (1672-1727)
Butcher of Thornbury
Thomas Barton and Sarah Giles
Richard Barton and Hannah Watts
William Barton I and Mary Dommett
John Barton III and Sarah Perrett
William Barton II and Ellen Pick
Edward Percy Barton and Florence Noad
The Winston(e) Family is an ancient armigerus family which traces its pedigree back to Drugo de Balladon. From the sixteenth century they were living at Brookethorpe, Glos and then at Wheatenhurst.
Son of Thomas Winston(e) and Alice
Husband of Ellen Giles
Father of Robert Winston(e) II
Also Father of William the Elder, Edmund, Richard, Francis, Thomas, Giles, Richard and William the Younger
Also Husband of Julian Berry
Also Father of John
Robert Winstone I of Brookthorpe and Wheatenhurst was the son of Thomas and Alice Winstone of Brookthorpe. He married Ellen Giles and had five sons and with his wife, Julian Berry, he had a son John who was baptised at Brookthorpe on 8th December 1575.
In the Brookthorpe Court Roll, 1693 (Call No. D1305 M1/1 Acc 681 reference is made to Thomas Winstone II’s grandfather, Thomas Winston of Brookthorpe but this must be an error.
Robert Winston(e) I made his will on 12th October 1604 and he mentions his sons William the Elder, Edmund who was below the age of apprenticeship, Richard who was below the age of twenty-one, William ‘the Younger’ who was aged under twenty-one, Francis under twenty-one, Thomas and a daughter who had a son, Robert Shott, who was also under twenty-one in 1614. He also mentioned his brother-in-law, William Vowells.
Robert Winston(e) I was buried on 6th August 1615 at Wheatenhurst. Probate was granted in 1615.
Husband of Katherine
Father of Thomas Winstone II
Also Father of Anne, Ursula and Robert
Robert Winstone II was a Yeoman of Wheatenhurst. He was the son of Robert Winstone I and Ellen Giles who owned property at Brookthorpe and Wheatenhurst.
Robert Winstone II was married at Wheatenhurst on 2nd August 1615 to Katherine and they had two sons and two daughters. The eldest Ursula was baptised at Wheatenhurst on 22nd September 1616 and she was followed by Thomas who was baptised on 20th January 1621/22 and Robert on 14th November 1624.
Thomas Winston(e) II was referred to as the eldest son in the will of his father, Robert Winstone II, in 1625.
On 2nd September 1637 Thomas was apprenticed to Thomas White, a mercer of Bristol, for eight years, and was described as “Son of Robert Winston of Wheatenhurst, yeoman, deceased”. Thomas’s younger brother, Robert was apprenticed to John Stringer, glover, for eight years in February 1637/8. He was described as “Son of Robert Winston of Wheatenhurst, deceased, yeoman”.
In the Brookthorpe Court Roll, 1693 (Call No. D1305 M1/1 Acc 681 reference is made to Thomas Winstone II’s grandfather, Thomas Winston, but this must be an error.
There is the following entry at Wheatenhurst – “1626. Robart Winston was buried the sixth day of Aprill”.
Robert Winstone II made his Will on 29th March 1625 and Probate was granted in 1626/7. In his will he mentioned the children of his brother Edmund Winstone and also his brothers Thomas and John Winstone. He also included legacies for his son Thomas, the eldest, daughters Anne and Ursula and younger son Robert. Also his “kinsman and godson William Winston”, Giles Shott and Jane Shott, Thomas Smyth of Wanswell and his brother Richard.
Wife of Robert Winston(e) II
Mother of Thomas Winstone II
Also Mother of Anne, Ursula and Robert
Robert Winstone was married at Wheatenhurst on 2nd August 1615 to Katherine. They had four children including sons Thomas and Robert. Robert had two sons and two daughters. The eldest Ursula was baptised at Wheatenhurst on 22nd September 1616 and she was followed by Thomas who was baptised on 20th January 1621/22 and Robert on 14th November 1624.
Her husband, Robert Winstone II died in 1626.
Son of Robert Winstone
Husband of Jane
Father of Thomas Winstone III
Also Father of Hannah Oakes, and Robert
Also Husband of Margaret Hiet
Also Father of Richard
Also Husband of Sarah Grail
Also Husband of Elizabeth (?) unlikely
Thomas Winston(e) II was referred to as the eldest son in the will of his father, Robert Winstone, in1625. There is a baptism of Thomas, the son of Robert Winstone, at Wheatenhurst on 20th January 1621/2.
This is the Thomas Winstone who was living in Wotton-under-Edge until his burial there on 22nd April 1693, aged seventy-one years. On 2nd September 1637 he was apprenticed to Thomas White, a mercer of Bristol, for eight years, and was described as “Son of Robert Winston of Wheatenhurst, yeoman, deceased”. On 8th May 1647 Thomas Winston(e) II was described as a mercer when a feoffment was granted at Harescombe. A William Hawling of Brookthorp was also involved with this.
Thomas had a younger brother, Robert, who was baptised at Wheatenhurst on 14th November 1624 and was later apprenticed to John Stringer, glover, for eight years. He was described as “Son of Robert Winston of Wheatenhurst, deceased, yeoman”.
In the Brookthorpe Court Roll, 1693 (Call No. D1305 M1/1 Acc 681 refers to his widow, Elizabeth and his grandfather, Thomas Winston of Brookthorpe but this must be a mistake. Also Thomas Oakes of Sopworth, Wilts, and “Snailes Mead”, Brookthorpe. Thomas Winston mentioned “Snayles Mead, Brookthorpe” in his will of 1691/2. It is likely that Thomas Winston’s father died when Thomas was quite young. There is the following entry at Wheatenhurst – “1626. Robart Winston was buried the sixth day of Aprill”. If this is the case Thomas II may have been brought up at Brookthorpe with his grandfather, Thomas Winston I. A Thomas Winston is listed in ‘Men and Armour for Gloucestershire in 1608’ – “Thomas Winston. P.tr. Richard Organ, Thomas Smith, Thomas Winstone and Rickes aforesaid have between them one Calyver fur’.” and Bigland describes a memorial in the churchyard at Brookthorpe (Bruckrup) – Thomas Winston died 23rd July 1632.
Thomas Winston II settled in Wotton-under-Edge and his daughter, Hannah, was baptised there in 1648. He was Churchwarden in 1653 and Thrice Mayor of the Borough of Wotton-under-Edge in 1660-1, 1671-2 and 1685-6. He was also mentioned in a document concerning the Market in 1675 (see Horace Wright, 1872).
Thomas Winstone II of Wotton-under-Edge was first married to Jane and they had at least three children. Jane, ‘the wife of Thomas Winstone’ was buried on 6th August 1653, aged thirty years. Thomas Winston II settled in Wotton-under-Edge and his daughter, Hannah, was baptised there in 1648. Thomas and Jane had Thomas Winstone III christened at Wotton in 1649/50 and Robert in 1652. This son died in 1678/9 aged twenty-six years. Thomas Winstone II was Churchwarden in 1653 and Thrice Mayor of the Borough of Wotton-under-Edge in 1660-1, 1671-2 and 1685-6. He was also mentioned in a document concerning the Market in 1675 (see Horace Wright, 1872).
With the death of Jane, Thomas Winstone II was left a widower with three young children. He married Margaret Hiet on 16th May 1654 at Wotton-under-Edge. She was the sister of Robert Hyett of London and was buried on 9th October (Harding) or 4th November 1655 (Bigland) at Wotton-under-Edge, aged twenty-seven years. The monumental inscription records that she was the ‘wife of Thomas Winston, thrice mayor of this towne’. They had one son, Richard Winstone who was baptised in 1655.
Bigland in the Chancel at Wotton-under-Edge (Chancellor Parson’s Notes):
‘Arms:- Argent, a Lion rampant Sable, a Chief per fess dancette Argent, and Sable. – Hyett. Crest:- Horses head.
To the Happy Memory of that most prudent and Charitable Gentleman Mr Robert Hyett, late Citizen and Merchant, of London, who departed this Life, the 21st day of April, Anno Dom. 1691, at the House of Mr Thomas Theyer, of Rodborough, in this county, and lies buried near this Place.
The said Thomas Theyer and Mary, his Wife, Sister and sole Executrix of the said Robert, as a Pledge of their surviving Love and affection to the Memory of their dear Brother have erected this Monument.
Near also lies the Body of Mr. Joel Cam, Alderman, of this Town, who departed this Life, Oct. 11, 1768, Aged 70 Years. Also Deborah, his Wife, who departed this Life, Jany. 23, 1773.
Near this Place likewise lyeth interred Margaret, the Sister of the said Robert Hiett, and Wife of Thomas Winston, thrice Mayor of this Towne. She was buried the 4th of Nov. A.D. 1655. in the 27th Year of her Age. (Chancellor Parsons’ Notes: 4 Nov 1654, aged 22.)
Here lyeth buried also Thomas, the Son of the aforesaid Thomas and Mary Theyer, who departed this Life, Febr. 19th. A.D. 1670.’
Thomas Winstone II then married a widow, Sarah Grail. She was the daughter Laurence Potts, chaplain to the merchants of Middelburg. Her first husband, Thomas Grail, was buried on 5th June 1669 and she then married Thomas Winstone. She died on 3rd March 1691, aged seventy-five years, and was buried on 7th March.
Chancellor Parsons’ Notes:
‘Thomas Grayle, professor of medicine, in which he was not meanly versed, standing staunchly in the method and footsteps of Galen, filled his office not without the hoped for success and applause. And although he was a bringer of health and assistance not to all the world but to the neighbourhood, he vouchsafed to others what he could not vouchsafe to himself. Suffering from an apoplexy, he ended his life 5 June in the year of grace 1669. In whose memory his wife Sarah, daughter of Laurence Potts, chaplain to the merchants of Middelburg, had this monument set up.’
Bigland in the North Aisle at Wotton-under-Edge:
‘Thomas Grail, Medicinae Professor, in Qua non, Mediocriter versatus Galeni Methodo, et Vestigijs maxime insistens non sine optato Successu et applausu manus obivit, qui etsi non toto orbi tamen vicinae salutifer fuit et juvamen alijis, quod sibi proestare non Potuit proestitit; apoplexia laborans Vitam jun. Vo. A. S. MDCLXIXo, Aetatis LXIo finivit. In cujus memoriam uxor ejus Sarah, filia Laurentij Pots, Mercatoribus, Angl. Metelliburgi, Sacellani hoc monumentum. Extrui curavit.
Also Sarah, Relict of the aforesaid Thomas Grail, and since the Wife of Mr. Thomas Winstone, Thrice Mayor of this Town, dyed the 3rd. and was buried the 7th day of March, A.Dom. 1691, Aged 75 Years.’
On 30th June 1684 Thomas Winstone II was executor of the will of his son, Thomas Winstone III and Charles Halling was the witness.
According to “Winstoneana” and Brookethorpe Court Rolls Thomas Winstone II may then have married a fourth wife, Elizabeth. However, Mervyn Harding has pointed out ‘though in his will, made twenty days after Sarah’s death, and thirteen months before his own, he (T.W.) says he is “sick and weake in body” and no such marriage is recorded at Wotton’.
Thomas Winstone II had six hearths according to the Hearth Tax Returns for 1671 and 1672 (Call no D383).
On 23rd March 1691/2 Thomas Winstone II made his own Will. In it he mentioned ‘my kinsman Robert Elmes of the City of Bristol, glover, and his children that he had had by his two former wifes’ and ‘Robert Knee, son of Robert Knee of Wotton aforesaid, cutler’. Also in one place he mentions ‘Snayles Mead, Brookethorpe’
Thomas Winston II was buried on 22nd April 1693 (Bigland) and his Will was proved on 10th May 1693.
Bigland in the Churchyard at Wotton-under-Edge:
‘Hic jacet Thomas Winstone, Qui hujus oppidi Praetoris Numre summa cum Laude prefunctus ob. Anno Aetatis LXXI, Salutis MDCXCIII’
In the Brookethorpe Court Roll, 1693 (Call no D1305 M1/1 Acc 681) there is a reference to his widow Elizabeth and his grandfather Thomas Winston of Brookethorpe. Also Thomas Oakes of Sopworth, Wilts, and ‘Snailes Mead’, Brookethorpe
Will of Sarah Winston, nee Grail, wife of Thomas Winston II:
I Sarah Winston wife of Thomas Winston Sen. of Wotton-under-Edge in the Diocese and County of Gloucester, Gentleman, being at present weak in body but of sound mind and perfect memory praised be God before according to the liberty to me reserved before marriage I do make and ordain this my last will and testament in manner and form following. First I give my soul to God who gave it me hoping for salvation only by the merits of Jesus Christ my alone saviour and redeemer and my body to the earth from where it came to — reverently lie hereafter named amongst my relations in the parish church of Wotton aforesaid and for the disposal of my worldly goods which I have reserved to my own gift to be my me given and disposed of my will is as follows
I give and bequeath to my dear husband Thomas Winston all my lands lying in Herefordshire with all the rents and profits arising and issuing out of it from and after my decease for and during the whole tenure of his natural life without interruption and after the decease of my said husband I give and bequeath my said lands to my nephew Mr Nathaniel Tilladdains (?) clerk and his heirs in law and inheritance for ever and I bequeath to John Tilladdains, Nathaniel Tilladdains and Thomas Tilladdains sons of my said nephew Nathaniel Tilladdains xx pounds apiece of lawful money also to Jane Tilladdains his daughter one hundred pounds to Harriet Tilladdains and her daughter ten pounds to Mary Tilladdains another of his daughters XX pounds all of lawful money of England which several portions my will shall not be paid them until after my decease and the decease of my said husband Thomas Winston all within two years after my decease if my said husband do please and think so fit. I give and bequeath unto Dorothy Winston widow my daughter in law my silver and gilt bowl. I give and bequeath to Thomas Winston and Sarah Winston my grandchildren in lawful money ten pounds apiece to be paid and delivered them after the decease of me and my said husband or within two years of my decease if my husband so please or think it fit. I give and bequeath unto Hannah Oakes, my daughter in law my little silver x cup and to the three children Thomas Oakes, Dorothy Oakes and Joan Oakes ten pounds apiece of lawful money to be paid aforesaid. I give and bequeath unto Hester Winston my daughter in law my great silver salt also I give to her daughter Sarah Winston my little silver salt and in lawful money ten pounds. I bequeath to …Joan Virtue(?) of the City of Bristol, widow, ten pounds of lawful money to be paid as hereafter mentioned. I give and bequeath to Martha Parnell of the said City of Bristol daughter of the said …Joan Virtue (?) ten pounds of lawful money to be paid as hereafter mentioned. I give to my cousin Richard Toogood (?) five pounds. I give to my niece Mrs Elizabeth xxx fifty pounds. I give to my nieces Elizabeth Matthews and Hannah Matthews daughters of my cousin John Matthews ten pounds apiece. To Mrs Ann Smith wife of John Smith of North Nibley two silver chains. To Mrs Elizabeth Harris wife of William Harris of Tortworth my gold ring engrained with xxx. To Mrs Hester Webb wife of Mr Robert Webb of Sinwell my gold bodkin and one xxx pair of gold xxx….
Everything else to my loving husband Thomas Winston….
Dated 22nd March 1685. Witnesses: Jona Oakes, Elizabeth Brooks and the mark of Edith Lewis
Proved in London by Thomas Winston
Mother of Thomas Winstone III
Also Mother of Hannah Okes and Robert
Thomas Winstone II of Wotton-under-Edge was first married to Jane and they had at least three children. Jane, ‘the wife of Thomas Winstone’ was buried on 6th August 1653, aged thirty years. Thomas Winston I settled in Wotton-under-Edge and his daughter, Hannah, was baptised there in 1648. Thomas and Jane had Thomas Winstone III christened at Wotton in 1649/50 and Robert in 1652. This son died in 1678/9 aged twenty-six years. Thomas Winstone II was Churchwarden in 1653 and Thrice Mayor of the Borough of Wotton-under-Edge in 1660-1, 1671-2 and 1685-6. He was also mentioned in a document concerning the Market in 1675 (see Horace Wright, 1872).
With the death of Jane, Thomas Winstone II was left a widower with three young children.
Son of Thomas Winstone II and Jane
Married Dorothy Oakes
Father of Sarah Barton
Also Father of Thomas, Jane, Robert and Richard
Thomas Winstone III was baptised on 4th March 1649/50 at Wotton-under-Edge. He was the eldest son of Thomas Winstone I and his first wife, Jane. Thomas Winstone II was thrice Mayor of Wotton-under-Edge.
Thomas Winstone III married Dorothy Oaks on 15th December 1673 at Wotton. She was the daughter of Jonas and Dorothy Oak(e)s and was baptised at Wotton on 14th November 1646. (see Oakes charts for her pedigree.) Thomas and Dorothy had five children who were baptised between 1674 and 1682. Of those Jane died only a few days old in 1676, Robert died in 1685 aged eight years and Richard lived for about six months in 1682.
Thomas Winstone III was a Mercer of Wotton-under-Edge and was buried on 22nd July 1684 at Wotton. He was aged approximately thirty-four-years and was survived by his widow and five young children. On 30th June 1684 Thomas Winstone II was executor of the will of his son, Thomas Winstone III, and Charles Halling was the witness.
His widow, Dorothy Winstone was buried on 21st March 1715/16 at Wotton.
Extract from E.S. Lindley –‘Wotton-under-Edge’:
‘A bigger estate is the 1685 inventory of Thomas Winston the younger, mercer (dealer in textiles especially silks). Of the £1,376 13s 4d. estate no less than £781 6s 8d. was the value of 2goods of all sorts, mercery, linen, drapery, silk wares, grocery, in shop and house”: £416 8s 8d. was the total of debts owed him: the balance £178 18s was enough for a good establishment. Starting with the kitchen containing a brass furnace and brewing vessels £3 10s., there is a “cellar backward”, and a closet with table board and frame and two chairs 10s., and about five dozen glass bottles 10s., apparently the business room; in an upper loft a beam and scales, and timber; then the buttery, contents £11 9s. The hall contained a table-board and frame, a livery table, one settle and four chairs, £2 10s.: next a parlour with small table-board and frame, two joined stools, six leather chairs, and fire irons, £3: underneath, a fore-street cellar with twelve barrels and two horses £2. Next a dining-room with a long table board and frame, thirteen leather chairs, six round chairs wrought, and chest of drawers £5 7s. 6d.: also one long carpet, two window curtains, fire irons, one large picture and ten smaller, one large and six small parcels salts £4 17s A parlour chamber, a new chamber and a hall chamber probably formed a first floor and contained bedsteads and bedding, cushions and turkey-work cushions, etc. In upper lofts were more beds. A vessel of vinegar 10s. is listed, forty-eight ounces of silver plate £12, a bay nag £4, and 300 lead weights.
This Thomas is not recorded in civic affairs in spite of his affluence… A Richard was mayor in 1733 and was a clothier. I find nothing else to record about the Winstons except dates and names of wives on their memorials, and the family makes no further appearance.’
Daughter of Jonas Oakes and Dorothy (nee Wallington)
Wife of Thomas Winstone III
Mother of Sarah Barton
Also Mother of Thomas, Jane, Robert and Richard
Dorothy Oakes was the daughter of Jonas and Dorothy Oak(e)s and was baptised at Wotton-under-Edge on 14th November 1646. (see Oakes charts for her pedigree)
Dorothy Oakes married Thomas Winstone III on 15th December 1673 at Wotton-under-Edge. Her husband, Thomas Winstone III, was baptised on 4th March 1649/50 at Wotton-under-Edge. Thomas and Dorothy had five children who were baptised between 1674 and 1682. Of those Jane died only a few days old in 1676, Robert died in 1685 aged eight years and Richard lived for about six months in 1682.
Thomas Winstone III was a Mercer of Wotton-under-Edge and was buried on 22nd July 1684 at Wotton. He was aged approximately thirty-four-years and was survived by his widow and five young children. The widow, Dorothy Winstone was buried on 21st March 1715/16 at Wotton.
See John Bradley’s book
Daughter of Thomas Winstone III and Dorothy (nee Oakes)
Wife of John Barton II
Mother of Thomas Barton
Also Mother of Mary, Sarah, Anna, John, Jonathan, Jane, Dorothy, Anne and Susanna
Sarah Winstone was baptised on 16th February 1679/80 at Wotton-under-Edge. She was the daughter of Thomas Winstone III and his wife, Dorothy. Sarah married John Barton at Stone on 30th April 1700. Both were described as ‘of Wotton’ in 1700, ref. court rolls. The Marriage Allegation for both of them was dated 29th April 1700. The Register at Stone names the bride as ‘(Mrs) Ann Winston’. Her first child, Mary was baptised at Wotton-under-Edge on 29th April 1701.
John Barton II was a Butcher of Thornbury and he made his will on 20th May 1727. He was buried on 28th May 1727 at Thornbury and the will was proved on 5th August 1728. His widow, Sarah, was buried on 8th May 1745 at Thornbury.
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