btsarnia

A tribute to the life and work of Brian Torode

Richard and Hannah Palser of Wotton-under-Edge

 

Thomas Palser I

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Thomas Palser II

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Samuel Palser I (1636-) and Margaret Beale

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 Samuel Palser II (1664-) and Sarah Lusty

Shearman and clothier of Wotton-under-Edge

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George Palser (1686-) and Ann Davis

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Thomas Palser III (1719-) and Mary Parker (1720)

Cardmaker of Wotton-under-Edge

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William Palser (1750-) and Jane Kilminster

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Richard Palser (1773-1856) and Hannah Humphreys (1776c-1853)

Spinner and brick maker of Wotton-under-Edge

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 Hannah Palser (1806-1879) and Daniel Terrett

Cloth burler and cloth worker of Wotton-under-Edge and Kingswood

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 Henry Terrett and Ellen Smith

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William Edward Terrett and Grace Margaret Eley


RICHARD PALSER, Great III Grandfather of Richard Barton

 Son of William Palser and Jane (nee Kilminster)

Husband of Hannah Humphreyes

Father of Hannah Terrett

Also Father of Abraham, Elizabeth, Jane Lacey and Eliza

Richard Palser was born in about 1772. On 20th March 1773 he was baptised at Wotton-under-Edge Parish Church. On 24th January 1798 he married Hannah Humphreyes at Wotton Parish Church and Richard signed the marriage register. In 1819 he was described as a spinner of Bradley Street, Wotton. Three of their children were baptised at Wotton-under-Edge Parish Church between 1798 and 1819 and Hannah was baptised at Rowland Hill’s Tabernacle in 1808 but there are no references found yet to the baptisms of Jane or Samuel.

In the 1841 census return Richard and Hannah were living with their daughter Elizabeth at Rumskins in either the Sinwell or Bradley area of Wotton-under-Edge. Richard was described as a sixty-five-year-old brick maker and his wife was a sixty-five-year-old wool packer. Their daughter was a thirty-five-year-old cloth packer. All were born in Gloucestershire

The 1851 census return records that the family of Richard and Hannah Palser was living at Coomb Road. Richard was described as a pauper and brick maker aged seventy-eight years and Hannah, whose age was given as seventy-six, was like her husband born in Wotton-under-Edge. Richard and Hannah were then living next to Rowland Lacey and his wife Jane. Rowland Lacey was a Grocer and Tea Dealer.

Hannah suddenly died on 14th April 1853 ‘by the visitation from God’. At the time she was living at Pound’s Green.

Richard Palser survived his wife by three years and died on 2nd February 1856 at Wotton-under-Edge. The death certificate described him as an eighty-four-year-old, formerly a Brick Maker. The cause of death was given as Old Age – not certified. Edward Page, Registrar, registered the death on 5th February 1856 and the informant was Susan Fowler of Wotton-under-Edge who was present at the time of the death and she made her mark.

The Wotton-under-Edge Parish Church registers describe Ann Palser as a seventy-eight-year-old woman of Coombe Road when she was buried on 18th April 1853. She was buried at 17:2. Richard was buried in the same plot (2:17) on 8th February 1856. He was described as aged eighty-four-years and as living at London Road

The witnesses at the wedding of Daniel Terrett and Hannah Palser in 1831 were Richard Palser (who signed his name) and Jane Palser. Presumably they were her father and sister.


HANNAH PALSER, Great III Grandmother of Richard Barton

Daughter of Abraham Humphreys and Mary (nee Bennett)

Wife of Richard Palser

Mother of Hannah Terrett

Also Mother of Abraham, Elizabeth, Jane Lacey and Eliza

Hannah, daughter of Abraham and Mary Humphreys, was baptised at Wotton-under-Edge on 15th January 1775.

On 24th January 1798 Richard Palser married Hannah Humphreys at Wotton-under-Edge Parish Church and Richard signed the marriage register.

In the 1841 census return Richard and Hannah were living with their daughter Elizabeth at Rumskins in either the Sinwell or Bradley area of Wotton-under-Edge. Richard was described as a sixty-five-year-old brick maker and his wife was a sixty-five-year-old wool packer. Their daughter was a thirty-five-year-old cloth packer. All were born in Gloucestershire

The 1851 census records a family of Richard and Hannah Palser at Coomb Road. Richard was described as a pauper and brick maker, aged seventy-eight-years, and Hannah, whose age was given as seventy-six, was born in Wotton-under-Edge.

Hannah Palser died on 14th April 1853 at Pound’s Ground, Wotton-under-Edge. She was described on the death certificate as the seventy-seven-year-old Wife of Richard Palser a Labourer. The cause of death was given as – ‘sudden death by the visitation from God’. Edward Page, Registrar, registered the death on 16th April and the informant was W. Joyner Ellis, Coroner, of Berkeley.

Her husband, Richard Palser, survived her and died on 2nd February 1856, aged 84 years, of old age. He was described on his death certificate as ‘formerly a brick maker’.She was probably the mother of Hannah Terrett. Richard and Hannah were then living next to Rowland Lacey and his wife Jane. The witnesses at the wedding of Daniel Terrett and Hannah Palser in 1831 were Richard (who signed his name) and Jane Palser.

The Wotton-under-Edge Parish Church registers describe Ann Palser as a seventy-eight-year-old woman of Coombe Road when she was buried on 18th April 1853. She was buried at 17:2 . Richard was buried in the same plot (2:17) on 8th February 1856. He was described as aged eighty-four-years and as living at London Road.


 

Their children were Great III Aunts and Uncles:

 

ABRAHAM PALSER, Great III Uncle of Richard Barton

 

Abraham was baptised on 30th May 1798 at Wotton-under-Edge Parish Church. Like his father he was a brick maker of Wotton-under-Edge. He married Jane before 1824.

In the Parish Baptismal Register he was described as a spinner of Dursley in January 1824 and by May 1826 he was a shearman of Uley. By October 1831 Abraham was described as a brick maker of Wotton-under-Edge. This description occurs again in October 1834.

In 1841 Abraham was a forty-year-old brick maker of Haw Street. With him were Jane aged thirty; Elizabeth aged fifteen; Mary aged fourteen; Jane aged nine years and Pamela aged seven years.

On 15th November 1842 Abraham Palser, aged forty-four-years, of Wotton-under-Edge, was charged with feloniously stealing a door. He was described as having curly dark hair, hazel eyes, a long visage, dark complexion and a very great number of moles on the back and neck. He was a brick maker and 5’5” tall. He was committed by J.B.H. Burland esq. to answer the charged that on the oath of Cornelius Clarke he feloniously stole at Wotton-under-Edge on the 30th day of November one deal door the property of the said Cornelius Clarke. He appeared at the Epiphany Session on 3rd January 1843 and was discharged on 7th January 1843 having been sentenced to serve two calendar months in a penitentiary. His conduct was orderly.

Abraham Palser, a brick maker journeyman, aged fifty-one and born in Wotton, was living at Bear Street, Wotton, in the 1851 census return. His wife was forty-five-year-old Jane who was born in Dursley. Their children included Jane, aged nineteen, and Pamela, aged sixteen, both dressmakers, and Sindonia their one-year-old grandchild.

In the 1861 census he was described as a fifty-nine-year-old brick maker, living at the Steep, Wotton-under-Edge, and was born in the town. His wife, Jane, was fifty-six-years-old and born in Dursley. She worked as a linen bonnet maker. Their daughter Pamela, was a twenty-two-year-old linen bonnet maker, born in Wotton. With then were grandchildren Sindonia aged thirteen years, a scholar; William aged nine years and Frederick aged six years. All were born in Wotton-under-Edge.

In the 1871 census Abraham was a seventy-one-year-old brick maker of the Steep. His wife, Jane, was a sixty-seven-year-old dressmaker. Their daughter Pamela was aged thirty-four-years and working as a milliner. With them were grandchildren – Sindoney aged twenty years, a milliner; William aged eighteen years, a mason; Frederick aged fifteen years, a butcher, and Georgie aged six years.

Their children were cousins of Henry Terrett, Great Grandfather:

 

ELIZABETH PALSER, cousin of Henry Terrett

 

Elizabeth was born on 21st November and baptised at Wotton-under-Edge Parish Church on 6th January 1824. Her father was described as a spinner of Dursley. She was at home, aged fifteen years, at the time of the 1841 census.

MARY PALSER, cousin of Henry Terrett

Mary was born on 17th January 1826 and baptised on 14th May that year at Wotton-under-Edge Parish Church. She was at home, aged fourteen years, at the time of the 1841 census.

JANE PALSER, cousin of Henry Terrett

 

Jane was baptised on 2nd October 1831 at Wotton-under-Edge Parish Church. She was at home, aged nine years, at the time of the 1841 census. On 10th March 1850 her illegitimate daughter, Swindonia, was baptised at Wotton Parish Church. Jane was described in the parish register as a single woman of Bear Lane. A further child William was baptised on 16th February 1853. The register described Jane as a single woman of The Steep. Jane was at home, aged nineteen years, and working as a dressmaker at the time of the 1851 census.

Her daughter was a second cousin of William Edward Terrett:

Swindonia (Sindonia or even Sindoney) Palser was born in about 1848 at Wotton-under-Edge. She was aged one year and staying with her grandparents at the time of the 1851 census. In 1861 she was still there a thirteen-year-old scholar. In 1871 she was a twenty-year-old milliner and living with her grandparents.

William Palser was baptised on 13th February 1853 at Wotton Parish Church. He was aged nine years and living with his grandparents at the time of the 1861 census. In 1871 he was with his grandparents and described as an eighteen-year-old mason. He may have been buried at Rowland Hill Tabernacle. The grave inscription reads –

‘In loving memory of William Palser, died January 24th 1932, aged 87 years (?) also his wife Emma Palser died 1916 aged 70 (?). Their beloved son Daniel John Palser who died July 1917 aged 36 years’

PAMELA PALSER, cousin of Henry Terrett

 

Pamela was born in about 1833 at Wotton-under-Edge and baptised at the Parish Church there on 8th October 1834. She was at home aged seven years, at the time of the 1841 census. She was at home, aged sixteen years and described as a dressmaker at the time of the 1851 census. On 19th July 1857 her illegitimate son William was baptised at the Parish Church and on 13th October 1864 her illegitimate daughter Amelia Georgina was baptised there also. On both occasions Pamela was described as a single woman of The Steep. She was at home, aged twenty-two-years, and working as a linen bonnet maker at the time of the 1861 census.

Her children were second cousins of William Edward Terrett:

William Palser was baptised at Wotton-under-Edge Parish Church on 19th January 1857. Did he become Frederick?

Frederick Palser was born in Wotton-under-Edge in about 1855. He was aged six years and living with his grandparents at the time of the 1861 census. In 1871 he was with his grandparents, aged fifteen years and working as a butcher.

Amelia Georgina (Georgie) Palser was born in Wotton-under-Edge in about 1864. She was baptised on 13th October 1864 at the Parish Church. Her mother was described as a single woman of The Steep. She was aged six years and living with her grandparents at the time of the 1871 census.


 

 

ELIZABETH PALSER, Great III Aunt of Richard Barton

Elizabeth was born on 4th March 1802 and baptised on 29th September 1802 at Wotton-under-Edge Parish Church. In the 1841 census return Richard and Hannah were living with their daughter Elizabeth at Rumskins in either the Sinwell or Bradley area of Wotton-under-Edge. Richard was described as a sixty-five-year-old brick maker and his wife was a sixty-five-year-old wool packer. Their daughter was a thirty-five-year-old cloth packer. All were born in Gloucestershire

 

 

 


JANE LACEY, Great III Aunt of Richard Barton

 

Jane was born in about 1813 at Wotton-under-Edge. She married Rowland Lacey on 2nd December 1834 or 1835 (?) at Wotton Parish Church. Rowland was the son of Thomas (1778-1834) and Sarah Lacey (nee Hopkins). The witnesses were John Workman and Rhoda Morley. John Workman was possibly the father of her brother Samuel Palser’s second wife. He was a shoemaker in 1851.

 

Pigot’s Directory 1830: LACEY, Thomas, Saddle Tree Maker, Old Town, Wotton under Edge

The Lacey family were members of the Rowland Hill Tabernacle at Wotton-under-Edge. Rowland, son of Thomas and Sarah Lacey (nee Hopkins) was born on 5th April 1809 and he was baptised there on 30th August 1809 by Rev. Rowland Hill. His sister Mary Anne was born on 28th July 1807 and baptised on 25th September 1807 at the Tabernacle by Rev. Rowland Hill. His brother Newton Lacey was baptised on 24th May 1815 at the Parish Church and his father was on that occasion described as a saddle tree maker of Bear Lane, Wotton. His brother Henry Ratcliff was born on 21st December 1815 and baptised on 4th July 1817 at the Rowland Hill Tabernacle.

In 1841 Rowland’s brothers, Newton (aged twenty five) and Henry Lacey (aged twenty five), were working as saddle tree makers in Birmingham, next to 29 Horsefair, and Charlotte Lacey (aged thirty) was working as a milliner.

At the time of the 1841 census Rowland was a thirty-two-year-old smith living at Coomb Road. With him were his wife, Jane, aged twenty-six-years; Martha aged three years and Mary Jane aged a half a year.

Mary Jane Lacey was baptised on 14th February 1841 at Wotton-under-Edge Parish Church with her cousin Joseph Terrett.

Rowland and Jane seem to have lived in Coombe Road or London Road and both of these addresses occur in the registers of the Parish Church:

February 1841: Smith of London Road

May 1843: Smith of Coombe Road

July 1845: Smith of London Road

August 1847: Blacksmith of London Road

March 1850: Blacksmith of Coombe Road

June 1852: Smith of Coombe Road

June 1854: Smith of London Road

Rowland Lacey was a grocer and tea dealer of Coombe Road in the 1851 census and living next to his father-in-law. Jane Lacey died on 23rd March 1877 aged sixty-four-years.

In the 1861 census Rowland Lacey was a grocer and blacksmith of Long Street, Wotton-under-Edge, a premises situated next to the Vine Tavern. His wife Jane was described as a grocer’s shop woman. With them were their children – Julia V., Osborne who was described as a scholar, John N. and Jane. All of them were born in Wotton-under-Edge.

In Wotton Heritage Centre there is a document that sheds light on Rowland Lacey. Daniel Park of Sherwood House, 13 Ludgate Hill, Wickwar, a retired postmaster, entered into an agreement to lend £100 with interest to Rowland Lacey as security for  a house in the Steep known as Sherwood house. This was entered into jointly with Osborne Dauncey. The agreement was dated 27th July 1867.

In the 1871 census Rowland Lacey was living at the Steep, Wotton-under-Edge. He was described as a sixty-one-year-old assistant overseer and born in Wotton-under-Edge. His wife, Jane, was fifty-eight years, and their children at home included Osborne, a twenty-three-year-old grocer and tea dealer, and Jane a sixteen-year-old. All were born in Wotton-under-Edge.

From 1871-2 Rowland Lacey was Sergeant of the Borough of Wotton-under-Edge and E.S. Lindley described him as a Tax Collector.

Jane Lacey died on 23rd March 1877, aged sixty-four-years, and was buried at Rowland Hill Tabernacle.

In 1881 Rowland Lacey was still living at the Steep. By now he was a seventy-one-year-old assistant overseer and widower. With him were lodgers Joseph Brown, a carpenter, and his wife.

In 1891 Rowland Lacey was residing at Perry’s Hospital. He was described as an eighty-two-year-old retired assistant overseer. He died on 17th January 1892, aged eighty-two-years. He was buried at Rowland Hill Tabernacle

Lacey Family Gravestone at Rowland Hill Tabernacle:

 

Sacred to the memory of Mary Ann daughter of Thomas and Sarah Lacey who died June 26th 1824 aged 16 years.

Also of Martha Hopkins their daughter who died September 25th 1824 aged 2 years.

Also of Sarah Jane their daughter who died in her infancy.

Also of Thomas Lacey who died on July 14th 1834 aged 54 years.

Also of Sarah, widow of Thomas Lacey, who died January 25th 1842 aged 64 years.

Also of Martha Hopkins, sister of Sarah Lacey, who died January 28th 1861, aged 89 years.

She was a member of the adjoining Tabernacle for a period of 60 years.

Also of Jane, beloved wife of Rowland Lacey, who died March 23rd 1877, aged 64 years.

Also of Rowland Lacey who died January 17th 1892, aged 82 years, this end was peaceful.

Also of Julia Mary, beloved wife of John Newton Lacey, who died April 27th 1922, aged 70 years.

Rest in Peace.

Dursley Gazette Saturday 23rd January 1892:

 

‘Mr Rowland Lacey who attained a ripe age of eighty two was for about thirty years overseer and tax collector for the parish of Wotton and for some time of Nibley also. He retired about three years ago. His kind, humorous, and cheerful disposition well fitted him for carrying out the not too pleasant duties of his office.

For many years he was the leading bass voice of Wotton church choir, and in every capacity which he filled the same genial and pleasant character stood foremost. The funeral of Mr. R. Lacey took place in the family grave at the Wotton-under-Edge Tabernacle on Thursday afternoon.’

 

 

E.S. Lindley in ‘Wotton-under-Edge’, page 66:

 

‘A special appointment was that of bailiff, for direct collection of the market tolls instead of farming them out. This was decided by resolution in 1871, but auction of the lease was resumed in 1874, only to change back to bailiff next year, till the end of the borough. The only recognisable bailiff is Rowland Lacey, who is known to have started life in the cloth trade and later became an auctioneer among other things. He received a commission on what he collected, but the amounts are grouped in general items and cannot be distinguished.’

Ibid, page 110:

 

‘Lacey’s diary also has some account of the mild Chartist agitation of 1839. He (Henry Ratcliffe Lacey of the Tabernacle), with his brother Rowland (whom we meet in other connections) made themselves prominent, but their brother Newton had to keep quieter, being master of the British School. There was a large meeting on the Chipping, addressed by Henry Vincent, a noted national leader then out on bail, who was very soon gaoled at Monmouth over a great riot of the Newport miners. At half past five on Saturday morning brother Rowland came to tell Henry that Mr. Cogswell and two others were waiting for him downstairs, and he had a warrant served on him for attending an unlawful meeting. After telling his mother he was going for a walk, he persuaded Mr. Cogswell to go on and he would follow. A little down Nibley road a fly was waiting and he took them to Dursley for examination. Friends had brought bail, and it was accepted; at assizes on the Wednesday they succeeded in getting postponement till the Spring Assizes. The prosecution wanted them to come to terms, and their friends persuaded them to plead guilty and enter into recognizances to keep the peace for two years. Nothing more happened.’

Feb. 28 to Mar. 9: Bristol, Cirencester and Stroud

WEDNESDAY, March 6. — Weather cold — took coach for Wootton-under-Edge in Gloucestershire. A very heavy fall of snow commenced as the coach left Bath. We had a bitter cold ride. Arrived at Wootton by one o’clock. The snow had ceased falling. Dined with Remy Lacey, a real good Radical and founder of the Wootton Association. After dinner Burns and I walked to the room of the Association — spoke to the people briefly, and were loudly applauded. The Wootton people are very intelligent and will soon upset the aristocratic power of the neighbourhood. At three o’clock a procession was formed, consisting of about 3000 persons, headed by an excellent band of music, with beautiful banners, flags, &., and proceeded through the town up to the Chipping, where a wagon was placed as accomodation for the speakers. [Meeting chaired by Henry Lacey; Burns and Vincent spoke] We returned to our inn in procession, and spent the evening in the company of 200 ultra rads. “Fall, tyrants, fall” was sung by the whole company in famous style. We separated about eleven o’clock.

THURSDAY, March 7. — Rose at seven — broke our fast in the cottage of Richard Skelton. Skelton is a stout, sturdy, six-foot Radical. … At ten we left Wootton for Cirencester, Gloucestershire. We reached Cirencester about three. The town is very neat and clean — the population about 7000. A meeting was convened for six in the evening, in the Market-place. At six, Burns and myself walked to the place of meeting. We found upwards of 4000 persons assembled. The agricultural labourers poured in from the surrounding villages. The town was in a very excited state. One man said such a stir had not been created since the town was taken by Prince Rupert. …. Burns and myself addressed the meeting at great length. An attempt was made by half-a-dozen “gentlemen” to interrupt the meeting, by throwing stones at the speakers. I had one capital knock — it did me more good than an electric shock. The people soon silenced the “gentlemen”. Al the resolutions were carried unanimously, and measures were adopted for obtaining signatures to the petition, and for collecting the National Rent. Burns and myself were elected Delegates. We had a great number of ladies present. God bless them!

Henry Vincent, ‘Life and Rambles’, in the Western Vindicator , no.4 (16th March 1839), p.1

Teetotal Chartists 
Looking for the Charter “at the bottom of a glass of water”?

Both Lovett and Henry Vincent (an abstainer since 1836) appear to have been confirmed in their anti-alcohol beliefs by their experiences of prison, and in December 1840 Vincent would initiate an address arguing that the aristocracy ruled only because of the vices of the poor and that Chartists must therefore become teetotallers.

The address was widely disseminated, being published in full in the Northern Star, English Chartist Circular and the Odd Fellow, and it produced an enormous response, encouraging Chartists in many parts of the country to establish teetotal Chartist bodies alongside local branches of the National Charter Association, or to incorporate abstinence from alcohol within the objectives of their NCA branch.

Among the 135 signatories to the address were such other Chartist luminaries as Charles Neesom of the London Working Men’s Association, the bookseller and publisher John Cleave, and Henry Hetherington, the veteran campaigner against a stamped press and key ally of Lovett.

In “Teetotal Chartism”, a paper for the journal History (vol 58 no 193, June 1973) Brian Harrison wrote of the address:

“Judging by its signatories, Teetotal Chartism was strongest in the North of England. One hundred and thirty of the 135 signatories are known; of these, 48 came from Yorkshire, 26 from Lancashire, 20 from the Midlands, 13 from the Potteries, nine from London, four from Scotland, three from Ireland, two from Sunderland, two from Wotton-under-Edge and one from Brighton. But London had at least five Teetotal Chartist societies – at Bermondsey, Lambeth, Cheapside, Beak Street and East London.”

The East London Chartist total Abstinence and Mutual Instruction Society was led by Charles Neesom and his wife Elizabeth Neesom, who also founded the London Female Democratic Association and was the leading light in an East London Female Total Abstinence Society.

Teetotal Chartism was also strong in Scotland. In response to Vincent’s address, Scottish Chartists used the Chartist Circular of 9 January 1841 to issue their own call to “dedicate this year to total abstinence”. Their own address was signed by 101 Scottish Chartists, including some of the movement’s leading figures. All their names are set out here.

On the other side of the argument, Peter McDouall would condemn the teetotal movement at the National Charter Association’s 1842 convention as “more of a religious than a political body”.

His views were firmly in line with those of Feargus O’Connor, who in the face of a rapid advance by teetotal Chartism and Lovett’s New Move denounced church, teetotal, knowledge and household suffrage Chartism as “trick, farce, cheat or humbug”. All were, he warned, distractions and potentially divisive, raising the spectre that those who were not Christian Chartists or teetotal Chartists might be judged not good enough for the vote.

His intervention was enough to prevent Warrington Chartists establishing a teetotal body, but marked a decisive split with Lovett and his supporters.

But the anti-teetotal line was about more than the personalities of leading Chartists and their positions within the movement. More politically advanced Chartists believed that Chartism could triumph only by organising and confronting its opponents in the ruling class.

Much later, speaking in Manchester on 20 October 1850 after his release from prison, the Chartist leader Ernest Jones told the crowd: “Some will tell you that teetotalism will get you the Charter: the Charter don’t lie at the bottom of a glass of water.” In the same speech, he marked his change of political stance by warning the authorities that before his imprisonment, “I spoke of a green flag waving over Downing-street.  I have changed my colour since then—it shall be a red one now”.

Signatories to Henry Vincent’s address on teetotalism

Members of the late General Convention
Henry Vincent, late Resident in Oakham Gaol
John Cleave, 1 Shoe Lane, Fleet Street
Henry Hetherington, 126 Strand
C H Neesom, 76 Hare Street, Bethnal Green
W Rider, Leeds
J Harris, London (late of Brighton)

Political victims
Rev W J Jackson, now of Lancaster Castle
W Shellard of Ponty Pool, Wales; now resident in Oakham Gaol, Rutlandshire
W Edwards of Newport (Mon.) now in Oakham Gaol
G E Boggis, Brick Lane, London
Messrs Williams and Binns, Sunderland
Isaac Johnson, now resident in Chester Castle
RD Lacey, Wotton under Edge
H R Lacey, ditto
G M Bartlett, Bath
R Spurr, London

  1. Perry, ‘Wotton-under-Edge, Times Past – Time Present’, 1986, pages 136 –6:

‘Within a few years the desire for further reform found expression in the People’s Charter, calling for votes for all adults, the payment of M.P. s and the secret ballot. The driving course was the London Working Men’s Association. Henry Vincent, a fiery orator, was sent to do missionary work in the West of England and a Chartist newspaper, the Western Vindicator, published in Bristol, circulated in this district. Early in 1839 branches of the W.M.A. and its complement, the Radical Women’s Association, had been established in Wotton.

The moving spirits were Henry and Rowland Lacey, sons of a prosperous local family, and Joseph Witts, a weaver. On Whit Tuesday a great Chartist meeting was held on Selsley Common, near Stroud. The Wotton contingent marched there in good order led by a band and members banners inscribed ‘Liberty, Equal Rights and Equal Laws’, a slogan alarmingly reminiscent of the French Revolution though harmless enough to modern ears. The meeting was addressed by Witts, who stressed the importance of action within the law, and by Rowland Lacey, calling for economic sanctions such as the mass withdrawal of savings from banks and a general strike. At the close, the Wotton members reformed and marched home as a disciplined body.

Lord Segrave (Colonel Berkeley’s new title) wrote to the Home Office that Wotton was the stronghold of Chartism in Gloucestershire. Joseph Witts was busy founding Chartist branches in Uley and other villages. In July Henry Vincent came here to address meetings on Wotton Hill and in the Chipping; he belonged to that section of the Chartists advocating violent means. ‘Pull down the Palaces of Tyranny with your own hands… pull down their castles’. Lord Segrave, feeling himself threatened, wrote again to the home Office asking for leave to recruit a troop of Berkeley Yeomanry, to be commanded by Grantley, to combat ‘the spreading poison’ which was beginning to infect agricultural workers as well as unemployed weavers.

Henry Lacey and Joseph Witts were charged with attending an illegal meeting and were sent for trial to Gloucester, but the case was postponed until spring. Those leaders of the Wotton establishment, including Eusebius Foxwell and T.S. Childs of the Tabernacle, who had given evidence against them, were the objects of noisy demonstrations in the town; they were followed around by a crowd of up to two hundred persons, ‘abusing them in the coarsest terms’, kept within bounds only by the extraordinary authority of Rowland Lacey.

In the meantime Henry Vincent had been tried in Monmouth and committed to Newport Gaol. Chartists in Wotton were in daily expectation of a national rising. Three secret meetings were held at the Red Lion and a delegate was sent to the clandestine Chartist headquarters; the proceedings were reported by a government spy. Though there had been talk of joining, no one from Wotton took part in the Chartist march to Newport Gaol, in which twenty-four persons died. When, early in 1840, many Chartists involved in the Newport attack were imprisoned or transported, the movement in Wotton seems to have died. Though Chartism continued in the eighteen-forties, the emphasis was on peaceful propaganda; there is no information about its survival in Wotton. Henry Lacey and Joseph Witts were bound over to keep the peace.’



ELIZA PALSER, Great III Aunt of Richard Barton

 Eliza Palser was baptised on 27th October 1819 at Wotton-under-Edge Parish Church and her father was described as a spinner of Bradley Street, Wotton-under-Edge.


HANNAH TERRETT, Great II Grandmother of Richard Barton

Daughter of Richard Palser and Hannah (nee Humphreyes)

Wife of Daniel Terrett

Mother of Henry Terrett

 Also Mother of Eliza Grimes, Emily Millard, William, Julia, Joseph, Daniel and Daniel

 Hannah the daughter of Richard Paull (sic) and Hannah his wife was baptised at Rowland Hill’s Tabernacle at Wotton-under-Edge on 3rd August 1808. The entry in the register states that she was born on 21st July 1806. The other transcribed register reads ‘Hannah daughter of Richard and Hannah (no surname given) born on 21st July 1808 and baptised on 3rd August 1808’ by Rev. Wm Potter. Later census returns confirm that Hannah Palser was born in about 1807 at Wotton-under-Edge and she was described as a cloth worker in the census returns for 1841, 1851 and 1861. Her father, Richard Palser, was a spinner of Bradley Street in 1819 and a brickmaker of Coombe Road by 1851.

On 6th February 1831 Hannah Palser married Daniel Terrett at St Mary’s Church and the witnesses to their marriage were Richard and Jane Palser. Richard signed his name. Between 1831 and 1850 Daniel and Hannah had eight children. Only the elder Daniel died in infancy and the Wotton burial register states that he was buried in November 1844 aged one year eight months. His sister Julia died in 1859 aged twenty years.

From as early as September 1831, Daniel Terrett is described as an engineer of Wotton-under-Edge in the baptismal registers of the Parish Church. The registers also reveal that in February 1841 they were living at Ragwell and in May 1843 at Coombe Road. The baptisms of their sons Joseph and Daniel were joint christenings with two the children of Rowland and Jane Lacey.

In the 1841 census Daniel Terrett was described as a thirty-year-old engineer of Ragnal in Coombe, Wotton-under-Edge. His wife, Hannah, was a thirty-five-year-old cloth burler. Their children included Eliza aged nine years; Emily aged seven; William aged five, Julia aged three and Joseph aged six months. The whole family was recorded as born in the county. Their son Joseph was baptised on 14th February 1841 at Wotton-under-Edge Parish Church with his cousin Mary Jane Lacey.

In 1843 they were described as living in Coombe Road. The burial register for St Mary’s Church would suggest that by November 1844 they had moved to Kingswood but they still had their son Daniel baptised at Wotton in May 1846.

 In the 1851 census Daniel Terrett was again described as an engineer and he was living with his family in Kingswood. He was forty-one-years-old and his place of birth was given as Wotton-under-Edge. Hannah was a forty-one-year-old cloth worker and their children at home included William a sixteen-year-old apprentice Engineer who was born in Wotton-under-Edge; Jula aged thirteen and born in Wotton; Joseph an eleven-year-old scholar born in Wotton; Daniel a five-year-old scholar born in Kingswood and Henry aged two and born in Kingswood.

In the 1861 census Daniel Terrett was living with his wife and three children at Wotton Road, Kingswood. Their house was situated two up from the Turnpike House near to Vineyard Lane. Daniel was described as a fifty-two-years-old engineer smith born in Wotton-under-Edge. His wife Hannah was aged fifty-four-years, a woollen cloth worker, born in Wotton-under-Edge. Their children at home  included Joseph, a twenty-year-old engineer smith born in Wotton; Daniel, a fifteen-year-old engineer smith, born in Kingswood and Henry, a ten-year-old scholar, born in Kingswood.

In the 1871 census Daniel was described as a sixty-one-year-old millwright of Abbey Street, Kingswood, born in Wotton-under-Edge. Hannah was sixty-four-years and born in Wotton-under-Edge. Their son Joseph was living with them. He was described as a married millwright, aged thirty years, and born in Wotton.

As early as 1868 Slater’s directory refers to ‘David (sic) Terrett & Son, Millwright and Engineers’ of Kingswood. Four of his sons, William, Joseph, Daniel and Henry became involved with the family engineering business and were also local publicans. An 1871 directory refers to ‘Daniel Terrett & Son, Millwright and Engineers’.

Daniel Terrett died on 7th February 1876 at Kingswood. Hannah survived her husband by three years but died on 11th February 1879 at Kingswood. She was described as the seventy-three-year-old widow of Daniel Terrett, Millwright. The cause of death was given as Bronchitis and Benjamin Simmons M.R.C.S.L certified this. Her son Joseph Terrett of Kingswood was present at the death and informed the registrar, also Benjamin Simmons, on 14th February 1879.

Hannah survived her husband by three years but died of bronchitis on 11th February 1879 aged 73 years. She was buried with her husband and daughter, Julia, in the churchyard of St Mary’s, Wotton-under-Edge.

Hannah Terrett was buried with her husband and daughter, Julia, in the churchyard of St Mary’s, Wotton-under-Edge.

Gravestone at St Mary’s Churchyard, Wotton-under-Edge:

 ‘Julia, daughter of Daniel and Hannah Terrett of Kingswood, died January 17th 1859, aged 20 years. Daniel Terrett of Kingswood who died February 7th 1876, aged 67 years. Also Hannah his wife who died on February 11th 1879, aged 73.’


 

FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THIS FAMILY CONTACT: btsarnia@gmail.com

 

 

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