A tribute to the life and work of Brian Torode
William Bird (1710c-) and Deborah Miles (1723-1764)
Brimpsfield, Stonehouse, Plasterer of Eastington
Joseph Bird (1755-1802) and Frances Cratchley (1765-1837)
Plasterer of Stroud, Randwick and Eastington
Mary Bird (1792-1876) and Robert Brown (1786c-1861)
Watchmaker of Gloucester
Frances Brown (1831-1879) and James Henry Yarnold
Emily Yarnold and Ernest Edward Eley
Grace Margaret Eley and William Edward Terrett
JOSEPH BIRD, Great IV Grandfather
Son of William Bird and Deborah (nee Miles)
Husband of Frances Cratchley
Father of Mary Brown
Also Father of Charlotte Kelley, Elizabeth, Joseph, Deborah and James
Joseph Bird was born in Eastington and he was baptised there on 6th April 1755. He was the son of William and Deborah Bird.
On 18th February 1785 Joseph who sent back from Stonehouse to Eastington where he had legal settlement:
Stonehouse Overseers P316 Ov 3/4/19:
18th February 1785 Joseph Bird born in Eastington where his father William Bird had lawful settlement
Stonehouse Overseers P316 Ov 3/3/30:
18th February 1785 Joseph Bird to Eastington
On 1st April 1788 he married by licence at Stroud Parish Church. His bride was Frances Cratchley and she was described as over twenty-one-years. Joseph was himself described as a ‘Plaisterer’ of Stroud, aged over twenty-one-years.
We can deduce from this reference, that in April 1788 Joseph Bird was living in Stroud by October of that year we find that Joseph and Frances were having a child, Charlotte, christened at Stonehouse. In later life Charlotte stated that she was born in Ebley. In 1791 a further child, Elizabeth, was baptised at Randwick. From May 1793 until May 1796 they had probably returned to live in Stroud because both Mary and Joseph were baptised in the Parish Church there. From 1798 to 1802 they were living at Eastington as their youngest children, Deborah and James were baptised in the Parish Church there.
In the burial register for Eastington we find an entry for Joseph Bird on 6th June 1802 and from May 1807 we find payments to ‘Widow Bird’ by the Overseers of the Poor.
FRANCES BIRD, Great IV Grandmother
Daughter of Richard Cratchley and Mary (nee Niblet)
Wife of Joseph Bird
Mother of Mary Brown
Also Mother of Charlotte Kelley, Elizabeth, Joseph, Deborah and James
Frances Cratchley married Joseph Bird by licence at Stroud Parish Church on 1st April 1788. Frances was described as over 21 years. Her husband, Joseph, was a ‘Plaisterer’ of Stroud.
Frances Cratchley was probably the daughter of Richard Cratchley and his wife Mary Niblet. There is a baptism of a Frances Cratchley at Randwick on 14th July 1765. Her parents married on 19th August 1759 at Randwick.
By October 1788 we find that Joseph and Frances were having a child, Charlotte, christened at Stonehouse. In later life this child stated that she was born in Ebley. In 1791 a further child, Elizabeth, was baptised at Randwick. From May 1793 until May 1796 they had probably returned to live in Stroud because both Mary and Joseph were baptised in the Parish Church there. From 1798 they were living at Eastington as their daughter Deborah was baptised in the Parish Church there on 20th October 1798.
Fanny’s husband, Joseph Bird, was buried at Eastington on 6th June 1802 and their son James was baptised there on 5th September 1802.
In the Overseers Accounts we find the following payments, which probably refer to Fanny Bird. In the period 31st March to 4th May 1807 ‘Widow Bird’ was paid three shillings towards clothes and in the period September to November of the same year Widow Bird received a shilling.
A Henry Bird, the illegitimate son, of Frances Bird was also baptised at Eastington on 12th or 14th April 1811.
On 9th February 1837 Fanny Bird, aged seventy-two-years, was buried at Eastington on the same day as her daughter, forty-four-year-old Elizabeth Bird.
Their children were Great IV Aunts and Uncles:
Charlotte Bird was baptised on 18/19th October 1788 at Stonehouse. She witnessed her sister’s wedding to Robert Brown in 1814 at Cheltenham Parish Church.
Charlotte Bird married James Kelley on 30th December 1823 at St Mary’s Parish Church, Cherltenham. The witnesses were William Roberts, Judith Savory and Jno Rutherford. Both bride and bridegroom signed their names. We know from Charlotte’s death certificate that he was a Butler – Domestic Servant.
At the time of the 1841 census, Charlotte Keeley, aged forty-six-years, was living at 2 Corpus Street (off London Road – initially Corpus Christi Street 1822), Cheltenham, and working as a laundress. Living with her was thirty-year-old John Goldsworthy.
At the time of the 1851 census Charlotte Kelley was described as a sixty-year-old post mistress living at 2 Corpus Street, Cheltenham, and born at Ebley. With her was Alice Holder, a forty-year-old visitor who was working as a dressmaker:
1851 census: Corpus Street, 2 KELLEY Charlotte HD M 60 Post Mistress GLS Ebley
By the time of the 1861 census Charlotte Kelley was still at 2 Corpus Street and she was described as a sixty-nine-year-old widow and Post Office Keeper Her place of birth was given as Stroud. Her niece, Mary Brown, was living with her and she was listed as a forty-year-old spinster working as a dressmaker and born in Gloucester. Also living with them was another niece, Emma Bird, who was aged twenty-seven-years and working as a dressmaker. Significantly she was born in Eastington. In fact this Emma was the daughter of James and Priscilla Bird of Millend, Eastington. Also we find living with them at Corpus Street a Mary Davis, a sixty-eight-year-old servant and widow, who was born in Ireland.
In 1871 Mary Brown was still lodging at 2 Corpus Street with Charlotte Kelley who was described as an eighty-year-old annuitant, born at Ebley. Mary’s name, which is written more like Henry Brown, was listed as a fifty-year-old unmarried dressmaker, born in Gloucester. Jane Hawkes, a fifty-seven-year-old nurse was also living there.
Charlotte Kelley died on 28th October 1872 at 19 Corpus Street, aged eighty-four-years. She was described as the Widow of James Kelley, Butler, Domestic Servant. The cause of death was given as ‘Sevectus – certified’. John Bennett, Registrar registered the death on 29th October and the informant was Jane Feasee of 19 Corpus Street, who was present at the death and signed her name.
Elizabeth Bird was baptised at Randwick on 25th January 1791. She was buried on 9th February 1837 at Eastington on the same day as her mother Fanny Bird. Her age was given as forty-four years.
Daughter of Joseph Bird and Frances (nee Cratchley)
Wife of Robert Brown
Mother of Frances Yarnold
Also Mother of Robert, John, Mary, Eleanor, Alexander, Charlotte, Edwin, Ellen, and James
Mary Bird was the daughter of Joseph and Frances Bird and she was baptised on 21st May 1793 at Stroud. According to later census returns Mary was born in Eastington. However, two of the six children of Joseph and Frances Bird were actually baptised at Eastington. The Birds had one of their children christened at Stonehouse in 1788, another at Randwick in 1791, two at Stroud, in 1793 and 1796, and two in Eastington, in 1798 and 1802.
Her father was buried at Eastington on 6th June 1802 and from May 1807 we find payments to a ‘Widow Bird’ by the Overseers of the Poor.
Mary Bird married Robert Brown at Cheltenham Parish Church on 19th September 1814. A witness at the wedding ceremony was a Charlotte Bird and this could be Mary’s eldest sister, Charlotte, who was baptised at Stonehouse in 1788.
We know that the first child of Robert and Mary Brown was baptised at Cheltenham Parish Church on 30th April 1815 and from the year 1816 the baptisms of their other nine children took place at St Nicholas’s Church in Westgate Street, Gloucester.
At the time of the 1841 census Robert and Mary Brown were living at Longsmith Street near to the Bolt Inn and the address given in the Electoral Rolls from 1841 to 1861 is Bolt Lane. In the census return Robert was described as aged fifty-five-years and Mary, his wife, as aged forty-five-years. Their children included – James, aged five; Charlotte, aged fifteen; and Frances aged ten years. At the time of the 1841 census Robert, Mary and Ellen, her children, were living in the High Street, Cheltenham. Robert was a twenty-five-year-old watchmaker and Mary a twenty-year-old milliner.
Ten years later, in 1851, the address was given on the night of the Census as Bolt Lane and one can only conclude that they must have lived on the corner of the two roads, with the shop front facing on to Longsmith Street and the residential accommodation on to Bolt Lane.
In the 1861 census Robert is described as a seventy-seven year old Watchmaker and his wife as a sixty-seven-year-old Gloucestershire woman. Their daughter and son-in-law – James Henry and Frances Yarnold were staying with them with William Yarnold their two-year-old grandson.
Robert Brown died at this address on 10th November 1861, aged 77 years, leaving Mary a widow.
I cannot find Mary in the 1871 census.
On 27th November 1876 Mary Brown died at The Almshouses, Wotton, Gloucester. She was described as eighty-four-years-old and the widow of Robert Brown, a watchmaker. The cause of death was given as ‘Asthma many years’ and was certified by John P. Wilton M.R.C.S. Benjamin Thurston registered the death on 29th November and the informant was Sarah Davis of the Wotton Almshouses, who was present at the death.
Mary was probably buried in the graveyard of the almshouses on the opposite side of the London Road.
Joseph Bird was baptised on 17th May 1796 at Eastington.
He may have become a plaisterer of Gloucester because…
(?) A possible son of Joseph Bird:
(?) CHARLES BIRD (?)
On 9th November 1839 Charles Bird, aged 24, Bachelor, Plaisterer, son of Joseph Bird, a Plaisterer, was married at St Nicholas, Gloucester to Sarah Brooks a 25 year old Spinster and servant, daughter of Joseph Brooks, a labourer
In 1841 Charles and Sarah were living in Barton Street, St Michael’s, Gloucester. He was described as a twenty-five-year-old plasterer. His wife was of the same age together with Charles, aged one year.
In 1851 Charles Bird, aged thirty-seven-years, born in the City of Gloucester, was living in Birkenhead and working as a plaisterer. His wife, Sarah, aged thirty-eight-years and born at Church Down, Glos, was described as a plaisterer’s wife. Their children were Charles, aged eleven years and born in Gloucester; Sarah aged eight years and born in Gloucester; Frederick aged seven years and born in Gloucester; Charlotte aged five years and born in Birkenhead and Elizabeth, aged three years and born in Birkenhead.
In 1861 Charles was living at 1 Wrexham Street, Birkenhead. He was a forty-five-year-old plaisterer, born in Gloucestershire; Sarah a forty-five-year-old plaisterer’s wife, born at Churchdown; Charles A. a twenty-year-old seaman, born in Gloucester; Frederick aged eighteen-years apprentice (gas fitting) and born in Gloucester; Charlotte a sixteen-year-old house servant, born in Gloucester; Joseph a fourteen-year-old scholar born in Birkenhead; James an eight-year-old scholar born in
Birkenhead and Sarah A. aged six years and born in Birkenhead.
In 1881 Charles was living at 54 Jackson Street, Birkenhead. He was described as a sixty-eight-year-old plasterer and widower born in Gloucester. With him were his son James, aged thirty-six-years and born in Birkenhead, Sarah his twenty-three-year-old daughter-in-law from Salop and his grandchildren James aged two years and Elizabeth aged one month. Both were born in Birkenhead.
Deborah Bird was baptised on 20th October 1798 at Eastington. She was buried at Eastington on 17th October 1841 aged 42 years.
James Bird was baptised on 5th September 1802 at Eastington. At the time of the 1851 census he was living at Millend, Eastington, and working as a woollen spinner. He married Priscilla Clissold in about 1832. His wife, Priscilla, was born in about 1810 at Eastington and was working as an elastic woollen winder. Their children included Mary, aged eighteen-years, a clothworker; Emma, aged seventeen-years, a dressmaker; Charlotte, aged eleven years, a scholar; and James W. aged eleven months. All were born at Eastington. With them was his niece, Fanny G. Bird, who was aged eight years and born at Staverton.
Millend BIRD James HD M 47 Spinner Woollen GLS Eastington
Millend BIRD Priscilla WI M 40 Elastic Woollen Winder GLS Eastington
Millend BIRD Mary DA U 18 Clothworker GLS Eastington
Millend BIRD Emma DA U 17 Dress Maker GLS Eastington
Millend BIRD Charlotte DA – 11 Scholar GLS Eastington
Millend BIRD James W. SO – 11M – GLS Eastington
Millend BIRD Fanny G. NC – 8 Scholar GLS Staverton
In 1861 the family was still living at Eastington. James was a fifty-eight-year-old clothworker (wool) and born at Eastington. Priscilla was now fifty-one-years-old and the children included Charlotte, aged twenty-one-years and William, a scholar, aged eleven years. All of the family were born in Eastington except for Frances G. Bird, their niece who was a seventeen-year-old clothworker, born in Staverton.
Their children were cousins of Frances Yarnold, Great II Grandmother:
Mary was born in about 1832 at Eastington. She was an eighteen-year-old clothworker at the time of the 1851 census, living at home with her parents at Millend, Eastington. She married John White at Wheatenhurst who was born in about 1832 at Frome in Somerset. In 1861 the family was living at Alkerton
Their children were second cousins of Emily Yarnold, Great Grandmother:
Mary Louisa White was born in 1862 at Eastington
Lydia Emma White lived from 1864 at Eastington. In the 1891 census she appears in Lambeth as a nurse. She died in Lambeth in 1900
Alexander John White was born in 1865 at Eastington. He married Annetta Louisa Leach in Gloucester in 1890. He worked as a baker
Ernest Wilkins White was born in 1868 in Eastington. He worked as a baker
Maurice Samuel White was born in 1872 in Eastington. At the time of the 1901 census hew was working as a painter and gilder in Peterborough.
Harry Doris White was born in 1874 in Eastington. He was a Merchant’s clerk.
Emma was born in about 1833 at Eastington. She was a seventeen-year-old dressmaker living at home with her parents at Millend, Eastington, at the time of the 1851 census.
By the time of the 1861 census Emma Bird, who was aged twenty-seven-years and working as a dressmaker was living at 2 Corpus Street, Cheltenham, with Charlotte Kelley, a sixty-nine-year-old widow described as a Post Office Keeper and born in Stroud. Significantly Emma was listed as having been born in Eastington. Emma’s cousin, Mary Brown, was also living at 2 Corpus Street and was listed as a forty-year-old spinster working as a dressmaker and born in Gloucester. Also we find Mary Davis, a sixty-eight-year-old servant and widow who was born in Ireland.
She apparently married Thomas Evans (1825-1901) of Gloucester, who was a boot and shoe wholesaler in 1881 and who died in 1901. Emma died in Gloucester in 1910.
Their child was a second cousin of Emily Yarnold, Great Grandmother:
Ellen Charlotte Knowles was born on 4th December 1871 in Gloucester and died in Bristol on 12th June 1910. She married Frederick J. Knowles (1868-1957) and had children Doris Knowles (1898-1994), Arthur F. Knowles (1901-1946) and Clifford Knowles (1909-1981)
Charlotte was born in about 1840 at Eastington. She was an eleven-year-old scholar at the time of the 1851 census, living at home with her parents at Millend, Eastington. Ten years later she was aged twenty-one-years and still at home. She was a teacher and died in 1879 at Wheatenhurst.
James William was born in about 1850 at Eastington. He was aged eleven months at the time of the 1851 census and living at Millend, Eastington with his parents. In 1861 William was an eleven-year-old scholar, living at home. He was a baker.
Henry, an illegitimate son of Frances Bird was baptised on 12th April 1811 at Eastington.
In 1841 a twenty-five-year-old Henry was working as an agricultural labourer at Staverton. He was married to Mary, who was aged thirty-five-years, and with them was their daughter Augusta, aged five years.
The family seems to have disappeared from Staverton by the time of the 1851 census but two further references may point to Henry:
In 1861 Henry was a fifty-year-old married agricultural labourer, born at Eastington, and boarding at Wannock Street, Jevington, Lewes, Sussex. Ten years later in 1871 Henry Bird, a sixty-year-old married labourer in a railway wagon works, was boarding together with William Fisher a twenty-year-old Cheltenham man at Canal Parade, Bym in Burrows, Higher Llansamlet in Glamorgan, South Wales. His place of birth was again given as Eastington, Gloucestershire, and he was living with the Glover family.
His children were cousins of Emily Yarnold:
Frances G. Bird was born in about 1833 at Staverton. Fanny was staying with her uncle James Bird at Millend, Eastington, at the time of the 1851 census and was then aged eight years and born at Staverton. She was still with James and his family in 1861 and was described as a seventeen-year-old clothworker, born at Staverton. She died in Wheatenhurst Registration District in 1871 aged about twenty eight years.
Augusta Amelia Bird was born in 1835. She was baptised on 13th August 1835 at Boddington and her parents were recorded as Henry and Mary Ann Bird, of Valley, a labourer. She was aged five years and living at home with her parents at Staverton, Gloucestershire, at the time of the 1841 census.
In 1861 she was living at London Road, Kingston, and listed as a twenty-six-year-old domestic servant, born at Staverton, Gloucestershire.
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